Biomechanical Basis of Human Movement, 3rd Edition

Organization

This book is organized into three major sections: Part I: Foundations of Human Movement; Part II: Functional Anatomy; and Part III: Mechanical Analysis of Human Motion. The chapters are ordered to provide a logical progression of material essential toward the understanding of biomechanics and the study of human movement.

Part I, Foundations of Human Movement, includes Chapters 1, 2, 3, and 4. Chapter 1 “Basic Movement Terminology,” presents the terminology and nomenclature generally used in biomechanics. Chapter 2, “Skeletal Considerations for Movement,” covers the skeletal system with particular emphasis on joint articulation. Chapter 3, “Muscular Considerations for Movement,” discusses the organization of the muscular system. Finally, in Chapter 4, “Neurological Considerations For Movement,” the control and activation systems for human movement are presented. In this edition, some of the foundation material was reorganized and new material was added in areas such as physical activity and bone formation, osteoarthritis, osteoporosis, factors influencing force and velocity development in the muscles, and the effect of training on muscle activation.

Part II, Functional Anatomy, includes Chapters 5, 6, 7 and discusses specific regions of the body: the upper extremity, lower extremity, and trunk, respectively. Each chapter integrates the general information presented in Part I relative to each region. In this edition, the information on muscles and ligaments was moved from the appendix into the chapter text to facilitate review of muscle and ligament locations and actions. The exercise section was reorganized to provide samples of common exercises used for each region. Finally, the analysis of selected activities at the end of each chapter includes a more comprehensive muscular analysis based on the results of electromyographic studies.

Part III, Mechanical Analysis of Human Motion, includes Chapters 8, 9, 10, and 11, in which quantitative mechanical techniques for the analyses of human movement are presented.Chapter 8 and 9 present the concepts of linear and angular kinematics. Conventions for the study of linear and angular motion in the analysis of human movement are also detailed in these two chapters. A portion of each chapter is devoted to a review of the research literature on human locomotion, wheelchair locomotion, and golf. These activities are used throughout Part III to illustrate the quantitative techniques presented. Chapters 10 and 11 present the concepts of linear and angular kinetics, including discussions on the forces and torques that act on the human body during daily activities. The laws of motion are provided and explained. Included here is a discussion of the forces and torques applied to the segments of the body during motion.

Although the book follows a progressive order, the major sections are generally self-contained. Therefore, instructors may delete or deemphasize certain sections. Parts I and II, for example, could be used in a traditional kinesiology course, and Part III could be used for a biomechanics course.