Cardiology Intensive Board Review, 3th Edition

Abbreviations

AAA

abdominal aortic aneurysm

ABI

ankle brachial index

ACC

American College of Cardiology

ACE

angiotensin-converting enzyme

ACEI

angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor

ACS

acute coronary syndrome

ACTH

adrenocorticotropic hormone

AED

automated external defibrillator

AFib

atrial fibrillation

AHA

American Heart Association

AI

aortic insufficiency

AMI

acute myocardial infarction

AP

action potential

aPTT

activated partial thromboplastin time

AR

aortic regurgitation

ARB

angiotensin receptor blocker

AS

aortic stenosis

ASA

atrial septal aneurysm

ASD

atrial septal defect

AV

atrioventricular

AVNRT

atrioventricular nodal reentrant tachycardia

AVR

aortic valve replacement

AVRT

orthodromic atrioventricular reentrant tachycardia

β-AR

beta-adrenoreceptor

bFGF

basic fibroblast growth factor

BMI

body mass index

BNP

brain natriuretic peptide

BP

blood pressure

bpm

beats per minute

BUN

blood urea nitrogen

CABG

coronary artery bypass grafting

CAD

coronary artery disease

cAMP

cyclic adenosine monophosphate

CBC

complete blood count

cDNA

complementary DNA

CHB

complete heart block

CHD

coronary heart disease

CHF

congestive heart failure

CI

confidence interval

CK-MB

MB fraction of creatine kinase

CPK

creatine phosphokinase

CRP

C-reactive protein

CS

coronary stenting

CT

computed tomography

CTA

computed tomographic angiography

CTEPH

chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension

CXR

chest X-ray

DC

direct current

DTI

direct thrombin inhibitor

DVT

deep venous thrombosis

ECG

electrocardiogram

EF

ejection fraction

EGD

esophagogastroduodenoscopy

EMD

electromechanical dissociation

EMS

emergency medical service

EP

electrophysiology

ESR

erythrocyte sedimentation rate

ET

exercise training

FDA

Food and Drug Administration

FEV1

forced expiratory volume in the first second of expiration

GI

gastrointestinal

GP

glycoprotein

GU

genitourinary

HBE

His bundle electrogram

HF

heart failure

HIT

heparin-induced thrombocytopenia

HR

heart rate

HRA

high right atrium

HRR

hazard rate ratio

HTN

hypertension

IABP

intraaortic balloon pump

ICD

implantable cardioverter–defibrillator

IgE

immunoglobulin E

IgG

immunoglobulin G

INR

international normalized ratio

IQR

interquartile range

IRBBB

incomplete right bundle branch block

ISA

intrinsic sympathomimetic activity

ISR

in-stent restenosis

IV

intravenous(-ly)

IVC

inferior vena cava

JNC

Joint National Committee

JVP

jugular venous pulse

LA

left atrium(-al)

LAD

left anterior descending artery

LBBB

left bundle branch block

LCC

left coronary cusp

LCx

left circumflex artery

LDL

low-density lipoprotein

LDH

lactate dehydrogenase

LMWH

low-molecular-weight heparin

LV

left ventricle(-ular)

LVEF

left ventricular ejection fraction

LVH

left ventricular hypertrophy

LVOT

left ventricular outflow tract

MAT

multifocal atrial tachycardia

MET

metabolic equivalents

MI

myocardial infarction

MR

mitral regurgitation

MRA

magnetic resonance angiography

MRI

magnetic resonance image(-ing)

MS

mitral stenosis

MTHFR

methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase

MV

mitral valve

MVP

mitral valve prolapse

NCC

noncoronary cusp

NSAID

nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug

NSR

normal sinus rhythm

NTG

nitroglycerin

OR

odds ratio

P

pulse

PA

pulmonary artery

PAD

peripheral arterial disease

PCI

percutaneous coronary intervention

PCWP

pulmonary capillary wedge pressure

PDA

patent ductus arteriosus

PE

pulmonary embolus

PEA

pulseless electrical activity

PET

positron emission tomography

PFO

patent foramen ovale

PJRT

permanent junctional reciprocating tachycardia

PMI

point of maximum impulse

PO

oral(-ly)

PT

prothrombin time

PTCA

percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty

PVARP

post-ventricular atrial refractory period

PVC

premature ventricular contraction

QOL

quality of life

RA

right atrium(-al)

RAO

right anterior oblique

RAS

renal artery stenosis

RBBB

right bundle branch block

RCA

right coronary artery

RCC

right coronary cusp

RR

risk ratio

RT-PCR

reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction

RUSB

right upper sternal border

RV

right ventricle(-ular)

RVH

right ventricular hypertrophy

RVSP

right ventricular systolic pressure

SAM

systolic anterior motion

SBE

subacute bacterial endocarditis

SC

subcutaneous(-ly)

SERCA2

sarcoplasmic-endoplasmic reticulum calcium ATPase type 2

SL

sublingual(-ly)

SSS

sick sinus syndrome

STEMI

ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction

SVR

systemic vascular resistance

SVT

supraventricular tachycardia

TAO

thromboangiitis obliterans

TdP

torsades de pointes

TEE

transesophageal echocardiography

TIA

transient ischemic attack

TID

transient ischemic dilation

TIMI

thrombolysis in myocardial infarction

tPA

tissue plasminogen activator

TR

tricuspid regurgitation

TTE

transthoracic echocardiogram

TVR

target vessel revascularization

UA

unstable angina

UA/

unstable angina and non–ST-segment elevation NSTEMI myocardial infarction

UFH

unfractionated heparin

VF

ventricular fibrillation

VSD

ventricular septal defect

VT

ventricular tachycardia

VTE

venous thromboembolism

VTI

velocity time integral