1.At the level of the endothelium, nitric oxide (NO) causes the following:
a.Promotes smooth muscle relaxation
b.Reduced leukocyte adhesion
c.Increased smooth muscle proliferation
d.Downregulation of oxidative enzymes
2.The following cells are considered most important to the process of atherosclerosis:
c.Red blood cells
3.The following are characteristics of a vulnerable plaque except
a.high concentration of macrophages.
b.high concentration of collagen.
d.large necrotic core.
4.Arterial thrombosis after plaque rupture is initiated by
a.tissue plasminogen activator.
d.activated protein C.
5.Low levels of gene expression can be detected by
c.reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR).
6.The final common pathway of platelet aggregation is mediated through
a.adenosine diphosphate (ADP) binding.
e.glycoprotein (GP) IIb/IIIa receptor.
7.Inducers of smooth muscle cell proliferation include the following except
a.platelet-derived growth factor-β.
b.basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF).
c.transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β).
e.oxidized low-density lipoprotein (LDL).
8.Inhibitors of cardiac myocyte apoptosis include
a.insulin-like growth factor-1β.
9.The following are endothelium-independent vasodilators except