Park's Pediatric Cardiology for Practitioners, 6th Ed.

APPENDIX C

Cardiovascular Risk Factors

TABLE C-1

ESTIMATED VALUE FOR PERCENTILE REGRESSION OF WAIST CIRCUMFERENCE FOR EUROPEAN AMERICAN CHILDREN AND ADOLESCENTS ACCORDING TO SEX

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 Waist circumference was measured with a tape at just above the uppermost lateral border of the right ileum at the end of normal expiration.

From Fernandez JR, Redden DT, Pietrobelli A, Allison DB: Waist circumference percentiles in nationally representative samples of African-American, European-American, and Mexican-American children and adolescents J. Pediatr 145:439-444, 2004.

TABLE C-2

ESTIMATED VALUE FOR PERCENTILE REGRESSION OF WAIST CIRCUMFERENCE FOR AFRICAN AMERICAN CHILDREN AND ADOLESCENTS ACCORDING TO SEX

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 Waist circumference was measured with a tape at just above the uppermost lateral border of the right ileum at the end of normal expiration.

From Fernandez JR, Redden DT, Pietrobelli A, Allison DB: Waist circumference percentiles in nationally representative samples of African-American, European-American, and Mexican-American children and adolescents J. Pediatr 145:439-444, 2004.

TABLE C-3

ESTIMATED VALUE FOR PERCENTILE REGRESSION OF WAIST CIRCUMFERENCE FOR MEXICAN AMERICAN CHILDREN AND ADOLESCENTS ACCORDING TO SEX

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 Waist circumference was measured with a tape at just above the uppermost lateral border of the right ileum at the end of normal expiration.

From Fernandez JR, Redden DT, Pietrobelli A, Allison DB: Waist circumference percentiles in nationally representative samples of African-American, European-American, and Mexican-American children and adolescents J. Pediatr 145:439-444, 2004.

TABLE C-4

FOODS TO CHOOSE AND DECREASE FOR THE STEP-ONE AND STEP-TWO DIETS

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 The step one diet has the same nutrient recommendations as the eating pattern recommended for the general population.

From National Cholesterol Education Program: Report of the Expert Panel on Blood Cholesterol Levels in Children and Adolescents. NIH Publication No. 91-2732, September 1991.

TABLE C-5

SERVING SIZE OF VARIOUS FOOD GROUPS ACCORDING TO AGE AND GENDER

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 These guidelines are for children who get about 30 minutes of exercise per day.

 An ounce equals 1 slice of bread, ½ cup of cooked rice or pasta, or ½ cup of oatmeal.

 An ounce equals ½ cup of cooked dry beans; ½ cup of tofu; 1 egg; 1 tablespoon of peanut butter; ½ cup of nuts or seeds; or 1 oz of meat, poultry, or fish.

Adapted from The Food Guide Pyramid, http://www.kidshealth.org/parent/food/general/pyramid.html.

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FIGURE C-1 Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) body mass index percentile curves for boys 2 to 20 years old.

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FIGURE C-2 Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) body mass index percentile curves for girls 2 to 20 years old.