Aromatherapy and Essential Oils for Beginners: Au Naturoil: A Guide for Stress Relief, Healing Remedies and Natural Cleaners

Glossary of Western Drug Actions

Analgesic: Acting to relieve pain.

Androgenergic: Acting in ways similar to or stimulating the release of male hormones; promoting the development of male characteristics.

Antibiotic: A substance that destroys or inhibits the growth of microorganisms, primarily bacteria.

Anticholinergic: Blocking the action of the neurotransmitter acetylcholine; used to treat various conditions such as gastrointestinal cramps, muscle spasms, asthma, depression, and sleep disorders.

Anticoagulant: Inhibiting the coagulation of blood (blood thinner); primarily used to prevent blood clots.

Anticonvulsant: Inhibiting convulsions; a drug used to prevent or control convulsions and seizures.

Antidiarrheal: Controlling or counteracting diarrhea.

Antiemetic: Preventing or relieving nausea and vomiting.

Antifungal: A substance that destroys or inhibits the growth of fungi, such as ringworm, athlete’s foot, candidiasis, and cryptococcal meningitis.

Antihypertensive: Reducing or controlling high blood pressure.

Anti-inflammatory: Reducing inflammation and many of its signs, such as swelling, tenderness, fever, and pain.

Antimicrobial: A substance that destroys or inhibits the growth of microbes and inhibits their pathogenic action. Antibiotics are one type of antimicrobial.

Antineoplastic: Inhibiting the growth and spread of tumors and malignant cells.

Antiparasitic: Acting against parasites, destroying them, or inhibiting their growth and reproduction.

Antipyretic: Used to reduce or prevent fever.

Antitussive: Used to prevent or relieve a cough.

Antiviral: A substance that kills viruses or suppresses their ability to replicate.

Astringent: Causing the tightening and contraction of body tissues, reducing bleeding from minor abrasions, diminishing mucus discharge, and holding in other body fluids.

Bronchodilator: A substance that relaxes the bronchial muscles, widening the bronchial air passageway to improve ventilation to the lungs and facilitate breathing.

Cardiotonic: Having a favorable, tonic effect on the heart, improving the strength of its contraction and overall functions.

Cathartic: A strong laxative, having a purging, cleansing effect through bowel evacuation.

Decongestant: A medication or treatment used to relieve nasal congestion.

Diaphoretic: Inducing profuse perspiration.

Diuretic: Causing increased urine production and flow.

Enzymatic: Related to or produced by an enzyme. As used in this book, primarily digestive enzymes to aid in digestive processes.

Expectorant: A substance that thins, drains, and clears mucus from the lungs, promoting its discharge as phlegm (sputum).

Hemostatic: Acting to reduce bleeding or hemorrhage; arresting the flow of blood within the vessels.

Hypnotic: Acting to induce sleep. Sometimes used in anesthesia, and related to sedatives.

Laxative: Tending to loosen and relax, to stimulate the evacuation of the bowels.

Prokinetic: Stimulating movement or motility, usually referring to gastrointestinal motility; increasing the frequency of contractions in the small intestine.

Sedative: Soothing, promoting calm, inducing sleep, and tranquilizing. Relieving stress, anxiety, and irritability.