The Encyclopedia of Psychoactive Plants: Ethnopharmacology and Its Applications



Other Names




In Peru, the name cimora or timora is given to a psychoactive drink used for shamanic purposes. This drink consists primarily of Iresine species (Iresine celosia L. and others; see Iresine spp.), Brugmansiaspecies, or a mixture of the following plants (Ott 1993, 409*; Schultes and Farnsworth 1982, 159*; Schultes 1966, 302*):


Trichocereus pachanoi Br. et R.

Neoraimondia arequipensis (Meyen) Backeb. [syn. Neoraimondia macrostibas (K. Schum.) Br. et R., Neoraimondia roseiflora (Werderm. et Bckbg.) Bckbg., Pilocereus macrostibas K. Schum.]

Hippobroma longiflora (L.) G. Don415 [syn. Isotoma longiflora Ducke or (L.) Presl, Laurentia longiflora (L.) Peterm., Lobelia longiflora L.]

Pedilanthus tithymaloides (L.) Poit. [syn. Pedilanthus carinatus Spreng.]

Brugmansia spp. [syn. Datura]


Iresine does not appear to contain any alkaloids and presumably does not induce any psychoactive effects. In Peru, Euphorbia cotinifolia L. is known as timora (cf. Trichocereus pachanoi). Although a related euphorbia, Pedilanthus tithymaloides Poit. (cf. Pedilanthus spp.), is known in Peru by the folk name cimora misha, it does not appear to have any psychoactive effects (Müller-Ebeling and Rätsch 1989, 32 f.*).416

In Peru, different cultivars of Brugmansia x candida as well as Brugmansia arborea are known by the name cimora, and it is these, along with Trichocereus pachanoi, that presumably represent the actual psychoactive components of the cimora drink. More precise recipes for preparing cimora or timora are lacking, as are precise pharmacological investigations of the purported blend.


Several South American species of Iresine provide the basis for preparing the cimora drink.



The euphorbia Pedilanthus tithymaloides is known as cimora misha in Peru, where it is often added to San Pedro drinks. It is planted throughout South America as a magical protection for houses and farms. It is said that when witches and sorcerers attempt to slip into the house, they see in the plant arrows that are dangerous to them. Whether or not the plant has psychoactive effects is unknown. (Photographed in a Mataco village in northern Argentina)




See also the entry for Trichocereus pachanoi.


Davis, E. Wade 1983. Sacred plants of the San Pedro cult. Botanical Museum Leaflets 29 (4): 367–86.