Essential Oils and Aromatherapy: How to Use Essential Oils for Beauty, Health, and Spirituality

ESSENTIAL OIL GUIDE

The information listed in this essential oil guide comes from a wide variety of sources and many years of research by means of: aromatherapy textbooks, essential oil encyclopedias, books on essential oils, and courses on aromatherapy.

I have tried to present the information on each of these fifty-five essential oils in an orderly, easy to understand manner. The spiritual use of each oil is not based on any particular religion or practice and is spread out over a wide variety of them.

It cannot be stressed enough that you should not use aromatherapy and essential oils as a replacement for traditional medicine. The information provided in this section is not a tool for you to diagnose, treat, or remedy illness or disease. When in doubt, consult your physician.

ALLSPICE

Botanical Name: pimenta officinalis

Aromatic Profile: earthy, sweet and spicy with a

similar scent to clove and cinnamon

Origin: Cuba, Jamaica, Mexico

Perfumery Note: middle

Extraction Method: steam distilled

About: Some stories say that Columbus brought allspice back to Europe, thinking it was pepper. Other reports claim that the English came up with the term “allspice”, as they thought it was a blend of cinnamon, nutmeg, and clove. The allspice tree is in the evergreen family and can grow to a height of sixty feet. It is the berries (or fruit) of the allspice tree that the culinary spice and essential oil come from. The leaves of the tree are often used in cooking, the same way one would use a bay leaf. However, most of the time, they are used to enhance the flavor when meats are smoked.

USES -

Mind: aphrodisiac, balancing, nervous tension,

exhaustion, sense enhancing, warming

Body: antiseptic, colds, cramps, muscular aches,

rheumatism, sedative

Spirit: often used for luck, gambling, and personal power

Safety Warnings: May irritate mucous membranes, possible skin irritant if not thoroughly diluted. Avoid during pregnancy.

AMYRIS

Botanical Name: amyris balsamifera

Aromatic Profile: woodsy, similar to sandalwood but

less exotic and with a peppery undertone

Origin: Haiti, Asia

Perfumery Note: base

Extraction Method: steam distilled

About: While it bears no relation to sandalwood, Amyris is most often known as “poor man’s sandalwood” or by the name “West Indian Sandalwood”. It is an excellent ingredient for use in making natural perfumes. Often blended with real sandalwood to “stretch the budget” in perfumery.

USES -

Mind: balancing, restful and soothing to nerves,

grounding, aphrodisiac

Body: muscle relaxant, soothing agent, slight

sedative properties

Spirit: sensuality, romance, 4th chakra (heart), inner contemplation and meditation

Safety Warnings: Most sources list amyris as being non-toxic and non-irritating. However, it is a fairly “new” oil when it comes to aromatherapy so always perform a small patch test.

ANGELICA ROOT

Botanical Name: angelica officinalis

Aromatic Profile: woodsy, peppery, herbaceous

Origin: Belgium, France, Germany, Holland, Siberia

Perfumery Note: base

Extraction Method: steam distilled

About: Angelica is said to be a plant of divine origins, a perfume of the angels. It is said to have received its name because it bloomed around the feast day of the Archangel Michael. Angelica Root was believed to be a strong defense against all evil and witchcraft.

USES -

Mind: clear seeing – ability to see things for what they are, restful and soothing, strengthening, stress

Body: relieves nervous tension, asthma, bronchitis, carminative, colds, coughs, diuretic, expels mucous, estrogen-like, fainting, indigestion, immunity stimulant, influenza, menopause, migraines, postnatal depression, rheumatoid arthritis, toxin build-up, gout.

Spirit: Releases negativity. Said to ward off evil and bring luck in family matters.

Safety Warnings: Avoid during pregnancy. Avoid if diabetic. Phototoxic – stay out of sun during use.

ANISE

Botanical Name: pimpinella anisum

Aromatic Profile: sweet, licorice-like scent.

Origin: Mediterranean, Morocco, Spain

Perfumery Note: top

Extraction Method: steam distilled

About: Anise is an annual herbaceous plant that grows about three feet tall. It is a flowering plant that produces the sweet, licorice-tasting seeds called aniseed. It is not to be confused with star anise which is in the evergreen family. The seeds of the anise plant are used to make the liqueur anisette and are widely used to flavor foods, drinks, and candy.

USES -

Mind: cheering, energizing, euphoric, sense enhancing

Body: antibacterial, antispasmodic, bronchitis, colds, flu, carminative, colic, coughs, cramps, deodorant, immunity stimulant, indigestion, lactation, hiccups.

Spirit: clairvoyance, divination, 6th chakra (third eye)

Safety Warnings: Avoid during pregnancy. Dilute well before use. Said to have narcotic-like properties and can slow circulation in large doses.

BASIL

Botanical Name: ocimum basilicum

Aromatic Profile: green, herbaceous scent with

peppery undertones, slightly licorice-like in oil form

Origin: Europe, France, North America, Egypt

Perfumery Note: top

Extraction Method: steam distilled

About: A strong oil when used alone, it can be overpowering if not well-diluted or blended with another essential oil. Sweet Basil is the same plant that is used for culinary purposes and is most often associated with making pesto. Lovers of this dish will recognize the greenish-peppery scent of the essential oil.

USES -

Mind: exhaustion, mental fatigue, anxiety, encouragement, inspirational, cheering

Body: allergies, cold, coughs, bronchitis, withdrawals, PMS mood swings, circulatory stimulant, anti-bacterial, anti-viral, expectorant, gout, rheumatism, emphysema, whooping cough.

Spirit: money, prosperity, success in business. Sometimes used for protection.

Safety Warnings: Avoid during pregnancy or if history of high blood pressure. Avoid if prone to seizures or a history of estrogen-dependent cancer.

BERGAMOT

Botanical Name: citrus bergamia

Aromatic Profile: an orange/lemon like scent with a dash of floral notes to it. A sophisticated citrus-like scent.

Origin: Italy, Morocco

Perfumery Note: top

Extraction Method: cold-pressed or steam distilled

About: Not only is bergamot good for a wide variety of skin irritations, it has been known to calm people with psychological disorders, including helping with depression and anxiety.

USES -

Mind: aggression, confidence, creativity, stress, cheering, withdrawals.

Body: boils and abscesses, chickenpox, mumps, cold sores, herpes, itching, oily skin, eczema, psoriasis.

Spirit: happiness, protection, success

Safety Warnings: Phototoxic, do not use before sunbathing or before a day in the sun. May irritate sensitive skin if not diluted properly.

CAJEPUT

Botanical Name: melaleuca cajeputi

Aromatic Profile: mainly camphorous but slightly fruit-like.

Origin: North America

Perfumery Note: middle

Extraction Method: steam distilled

About: In the tea tree family, cajeput is most often used during the cold and flu season. Also known to have pain killing properties and a single drop on a painful tooth can dull the pain until reaching a dentist. Can be blended well with a carrier oil and rubbed on the front of the neck to help with the pain of a store throat.

USES -

Mind: stimulating, energizing, focus

Body: colds, coughs, bronchitis, muscle aches,

sinusitis, decongestant, temporary toothache pain

reliever, sore throat.

Spirit: purification, self-awareness

Safety Warnings: Do not use during pregnancy. Avoid contact with mucous membranes. Possible skin irritation.

CAMPHOR, WHITE

Botanical Name: cinnamonum camphora

Aromatic Profile: strong and clean scent, similar smell to eucalyptus, cooling aroma

Origin: China, Japan, India

Perfumery Note: middle

Extraction Method: steam distilled

About: White camphor makes a good addition to massage blends to sooth sore muscles and arthritis. Can also be used as a decongestant whenever a cold or the flu comes around.

USES -

Mind: energizing, stimulating, nerves

Body: analgesic, anti-inflammatory, antiseptic, arthritis, bruises, burns, colds, coughs, decongestant, deodorant, disinfectant, gout, influenza, muscle relaxant,

Spirit: protection, psychic energy, 7th chakra (crown)

Safety Warnings: Do not take internally. Avoid if pregnant or epileptic. Not to be confused with the toxic oils of brown camphor, yellow camphor or borneo camphor. Do not use over long periods of time.

CARDAMOM

Botanical Name: elletaria cardamomum

Aromatic Profile: a sweet and spicy aroma, woodsy

Origin: Guatemala, India, Central America

Perfumery Note: middle

Extraction Method: steam distilled

About: Cardamom is a popular spice used all over the world. The essential oil has a pleasing scent that can give depth and a unique quality to essential oil blends. It is especially good when blended with citrus oils like orange and tangerine.

USES -

Mind: concentration, stimulating, depression, stress, fatigue

Body: appetite suppressant, circulatory stimulant, coughs, digestive, indigestion, infections, headaches, muscle relaxant, nausea, raises blood pressure,

Spirit: passion, love, and sex

Safety Warnings: Avoid if there is a history of high blood pressure.

CARROT SEED

Botanical Name: daucus carota

Aromatic Profile: strong, earth aroma; warm, sweet

Origin: Europe, England, France

Perfumery Note: middle

Extraction Method: steam distilled

About: Carrot seed oil is widely used in skincare formulas because of its skin repairing properties. Often found in wrinkle and anti-aging creams. The scent alone is not particularly pleasing but blends well with other oils without dominating the other oils. Especially good for damaged and mature skin.

USES -

Mind: restoring, balancing, replenishes the thought process

Body: anti-inflammatory, calluses, chapped skin, corns, dandruff, dermatitis, dilates blood vessels, dry skin, eczema, fragile hair, gout, hair loss, hangovers, normalizes skin, rashes, rosacea, skin conditioner, skin toner, soothing agent, wrinkles

Spirit: healing energy, unblocking negativity and old habits

Safety Warnings: Do not use during pregnancy.

CEDARWOOD ATLAS

Botanical Name: cedrus atlantica

Aromatic Profile: rich, sweet, woody

Origin: Algeria, Morocco, Himalayas

Perfumery Note: base

Extraction Method: steam distilled

About: The Atlas Cedar trees are tall and can live for centuries. In ancient times it was used to construct coffins and was also used by the Egyptians as an ingredient in the embalming process. A popular oil that predates Biblical times and was one of the first oils to be extracted. Cedarwood works well in masculine blends because of its woodsy aroma and is often used in perfumery. While it has positive effects on the skin, it should be used in low doses – preferably blended with other essential oils. Can bring a rich quality to an essential oil blend.

USES -

Mind: positive state of mind, stabilizes the emotions, brings harmony, focus, stress

Body: acne, air purifier, antiseptic, antispasmodic, arthritis, bronchitis, cellulite, constipation, coughs, dandruff, eczema, hair loss, immunity stimulant, insect repellent, oily skin, osteoarthritis, psoriasis, rheumatism

Spirit: meditation, psychic energy, spirituality, unhexing, associated with 4th chakra (heart) but also works well with the 7th chakra (crown)

Safety Warnings: Do not use during pregnancy. May irritate sensitive skin so dilute well.

CHAMOMILE, GERMAN

Botanical Name: matricaria chamomilla

Aromatic Profile: sweet, fruity, slightly reminiscent of apples

Origin: Hungary, Eastern Europe

Perfumery Note: middle

Extraction Method: steam distilled

About: Also known as blue chamomile due to the color of the essential oil. Good for the treatment of allergies such as eczema, urticaria and all dry, flaky and itchy condition. Also useful for treating sunburn and blemished skin, and in many cases has helped with dermatitis and psoriasis. If used in a blend solely for the purpose of smell, keep in mind that chamomile can quickly take over an entire blend with its scent. Start with a few drops and build from there until the desired scent is reached.

USES -

Mind: restful and soothing, relaxing, nerves

Body: acne, analgesic, antibacterial, antidepressant, anti-inflammatory, antiseptic, antispasmodic, asthma, black eyes, blisters, boils, bruises, burns, chapped lips, chapped skin, disinfectant, diuretic, dry skin, earaches, eczema, fainting, fibrositis, hay fever, headaches, heatstroke, hiccups, influenza, insect bites, laryngitis, migraines, nausea, neuralgia, normal skin, oily skin, psoriasis, rashes, rheumatism, rheumatoid arthritis, rosacea, sensitive skin, shock, sprains, sunburns, toothaches, uticaria, wounds, wrinkles, skin inflammations

Spirit: peaceful thoughts, sleep and dreams, 5th chakra (throat)

Safety Warnings: Do not use during first trimester of pregnancy. Avoid if allergic to ragweed and pollen.

CHAMOMILE, ROMAN

Botanical Name: anthemis nobilis

Aromatic Profile: sweet and fruity with a hint of a woody and herbaceous scent

Origin: France, Belgium, Britain, North America

Perfumery Note: middle

Extraction Method: steam distilled

About: Roman chamomile is often used as a nerve sedative and is effective when used in blends for stress and anxiety. Has been used throughout history as a hot compress for skin abscesses and boils, as well as for soothing skin rashes. Can be used as a cold compress for sprains and pulled tendons.

USES -

Mind: restful and soothing, relaxing, creativity,

Body: all-purpose anti-inflammatory, acne, analgesic, antibacterial, antidepressant, antiseptic, antispasmodic, black eyes, blisters, boils, bruises, burns, bursitis, chapped lips, chapped skin, chilblains, cold sores, disinfectant, diuretic, dry skin, eczema, endometriosis, fainting, headaches, hiccups, insect bites, insomnia, laryngitis, migraines, nausea, neuralgia, nervine, psoriasis, rashes, rheumatism, rheumatoid arthritis, shock, sprains, stress, sunburns, toothaches, uticaria

Spirit: the same as German chamomile, it is used for peaceful thoughts, sleep and dreams

Safety Warnings: Do not use during first trimester of pregnancy. Avoid if allergic to ragweed and pollen.

CINNAMON LEAF

Botanical Name: cinnamomum zeylancium

Aromatic Profile: spicy, warm, the oil smells clove-like

Origin: Indonesia, Sri Lanka, Madagascar

Perfumery Note: middle

Extraction Method: steam distilled

About: Most often, the cooking spice called cinnamon that is found in the grocery store is not cinnamon at all but a close relation called cassia. This is why most people are surprised that the oil smells more like clove than the cinnamon smell they are accustomed to. Cinnamon leaf is easily found but cinnamon bark oil is available, yet, expensive. Cinnamon essential oil can irritate the skin and should be heavily diluted and is usually not used in products that remain on the skin, such as lotion.

USES -

Mind: aphrodisiac, energizing, invigorating, refreshing, stimulating

Body: antibacterial, antibiotic, antifungal, antiseptic, antispasmodic, antiviral, bronchitis, colds, influenza, lice, muscular aches, rheumatism, scabies, stress, warts, whooping cough

Spirit: money, business success, prosperity, protection, 1st chakra (root)

Safety Warnings: Avoid during pregnancy. Not for use on young children. Possible skin irritant. Mucous membrane irritant. Avoid if a history of high blood pressure or if using blood thinning medication.

CITRONELLA

Botanical Name: cymbopogon nardus

Aromatic Profile: grassy, citrus-like, fresh, lemon-like, and sweet

Origin: China, Indonesia, South America

Perfumery Note: top

Extraction Method: steam distilled

About: Citronella is best known for its insect repelling properties. This property has been backed by studies and is especially good for warding off mosquitoes. Some say it is helpful in soothing barking dogs and is often found in natural dog shampoos.

USES -

Mind: fatigue, stimulating, refreshing,

Body: antiseptic, arthritis, colds, deodorant, diuretic, influenza, insect repellent, moth repellent, oily skin, perspiration, rheumatism, head and body lice

Spirit: cleansing, purification, unhexing, washing away negative energy

Safety Warnings: Avoid during pregnancy

CLARY SAGE

Botanical Name: salvia sclarea

Aromatic Profile: herbaceous, woodsy, slightly fruit-like

Origin: Russia, France, North America

Perfumery Note: middle

Extraction Method: steam distilled

About: Clary sage is a biennial plant, which means it lives for only two years. It has been used throughout the centuries as a medicinal plant and is also found in perfumes and some wines and liqueurs. Clary sage is said to mimic the female hormone which is why it is avoided by those who have had breast or ovarian cysts. Said to be the best oil for writers to increase their creativity and productivity.

USES -

Mind: anxiety, aphrodisiac, balancing, restful and soothing, fatigue, fear, nervous tension, stress, visualizing

Body: acne, anticonvulsive, antidepressant, anti-inflammatory, antiseptic, antispasmodic, asthma, astringent, boils, bronchitis, cramps, dandruff, deodorant, dry skin, estrogen-like, female infertility, hot flashes, menopause, migraines, muscle relaxant, muscular aches, PMS symptoms, sedative, varicose veins, wrinkles

Spirit: vivid dreaming, 6th chakra (third eye)

Safety Warnings: Avoid during pregnancy, history of low blood pressure or estrogen-dependent cancer. Avoid consumption of alcohol during use. Avoid if there is a history of breast or ovarian cysts

CLOVE BUD

Botanical Name: eugenia caryophyllata

Aromatic Profile: spicy, sweet, hot

Origin: Indonesia, India, Pakistan

Perfumery Note: base

Extraction Method: steam distilled

About: Clove oil has been used in dentistry for years to dull the pain of a toothache. A single drop of clove essential oil on an aching tooth temporarily relieves the pain. Clove buds are one of the most used spices all over the world but are most often used in Middle Eastern cooking. Clove essential oil is useful as an ant repellent.

USES -

Mind: memory loss, concentration, sharpens the senses, stimulates the mind

Body: analgesic, antibacterial, antibiotic, antiseptic, antispasmodic, antiviral, arthritis, asthma, bronchitis, colds, flatulence, frostbite, heartburns, insect repellent, moth repellent, muscle relaxant, nausea, neuralgia, osteoporosis, raises blood pressure, rheumatism, sprains, toothaches

Spirit: divination, psychic awareness, courage, balances chakras

Safety Warnings: Avoid during pregnancy. Avoid if a history of high blood pressure. Dilute well, may be skin irritant.

CORIANDER

Botanical Name: coriandrum sativum

Aromatic Profile: spicy and sweet with a faint scent of balsam

Origin: Southern Europe, Greece, India, North America

Perfumery Note: middle

Extraction Method: steam distilled

About: The fruit, or coriander seeds are from the cilantro plant. These two components of one plant have completely different tastes – the seeds being warm and nutty and the cilantro leaves are green and peppery. Coriander has been cultivated for centuries – grown purposely in ancient Greece and is found wild and plentiful all over Southern Europe. It appeared in North America when early colonists brought it over around 1670.

USES -

Mind: aphrodisiac, clarifying, creativity, energizing, exhaustion, fatigue, refreshing, stimulating, stress, warming

Body: anti-inflammatory, anti-spasmodic, arthritis, circulatory stimulant, colds, colic, cramps, gout, indigestion, muscle relaxant and pains, rheumatism

Spirit: healing energy

Safety Warnings: Avoid during pregnancy. Avoid if a history of high blood pressure or breast cancer.

CYPRESS

Botanical Name: cupressus sempervirens

Aromatic Profile: evergreen, herbaceous, fresh, clean

Origin: Mediterranean, Europe

Perfumery Note: middle

Extraction Method: steam distilled

About: Cypress is a tall evergreen tree that is native to the Mediterranean but it also popular in formal English gardens and around temples in Asia. The leaves have a scale-like appearance. Cypress is a popular essential oil to use in massage therapy blends because of its effectiveness on muscle aches and cramps.

USES -

Mind: aggression, balancing, irritability, nervous tension, refreshing, restlessness

Body: amenorrhea, antibacterial, anti-infectious, antiseptic, antispasmodic, antiviral, arthritis, asthma, astringent, broken capillaries, bruises, bronchitis, cellulite, circulatory stimulant, coughs, cuts, dandruff, deodorant, heavy menstruation, hemorrhoids, hot flashes, menopause, muscular aches, muscular cramps, noise pollution, normal skin, oily hair, oily skin, raises blood pressure, rheumatism, sinusitis, tennis elbow, varicose veins, excessive perspiration, loss of liquid in the body

Spirit: protection, healing, blessing, purification

Safety Warnings: Avoid during pregnancy. Avoid if a history of high or low blood pressure.

EUCALYPTUS

Botanical Name: eucalyptus globulus

Aromatic Profile: fresh, clean, camphorous

Origin: Spain, Australia, Tasmania

Perfumery Note: top

Extraction Method: steam distilled

About: Eucalyptus is probably the most popular essential oil when it comes to cold and flu season. While there are many other wonderful oils for these ailments, eucalyptus is the oil everyone has heard of and, therefore, the one they reach for. Great for opening up the sinuses and working as a decongestant.

USES -

Mind: balancing, cooling, refreshing, revitalizing

Body: analgesic, antibacterial, antibiotic, antifungal, anti-inflammatory, antiseptic, antispasmodic, antiviral, bedbugs, bronchitis, chapped lips, circulation, colds, coughs, cystitis, dandruff, decongestant, deodorant, diarrhea, disinfectant, diuretic, drug withdrawal, flatulence, hay fever, heartburns, heatstroke, insect bites, jet lag, lice, lower abdominal pain, muscular aches, muscular dystrophy, muscular fatigue, neuralgia, normal hair, osteoarthritis, pneumonia, rheumatoid arthritis, sinusitis, stomachaches, sunburns, swelling, tendinitis, tennis elbow, urticaria, windburns

Spirit: psychic energy, health, protection

Safety Warnings: Avoid if using homeopathic remedies or if there is a history of epilepsy

EUCALYPTUS, LEMON – LEMON EUCALYPTUS

Botanical Name: eucalyptus citriodora

Aromatic Profile: lemony, fruity, sweet, woody

Origin: Australia, Tasmania

Perfumery Note: middle

Extraction Method: steam distilled

About: Lemon eucalyptus is probably the best insect repellent of all the essential oils, even more effective than citronella. The scent if very similar to citronella. According to the CDC, lemon eucalyptus oil is a safe and natural alternative to DEET. Good for keeping away mosquitoes and ticks and works well when added to dog shampoos. Lemon Eucalyptus has almost all of the same benefits of eucalyptus oil, although eucalyptus globulus is better for sore muscles.

USES -

Mind: balancing, cooling, refreshing, revitalizing

Body: analgesic, antibacterial, antibiotic, antifungal, anti-inflammatory, antiseptic, antispasmodic, antiviral, bedbugs, bronchitis, circulation, colds, coughs, cystitis, dandruff, decongestant, deodorant, diarrhea, disinfectant, diuretic, drug withdrawal, flatulence, hay fever, heartburns, heatstroke, insect bites, jet lag, lice, muscular aches, muscular dystrophy, muscular fatigue, neuralgia, osteoarthritis, pneumonia, rheumatoid arthritis, sinusitis, stomachaches, sunburns, swelling, windburns

Spirit: healing, house blessing, protection

Safety Warnings: Avoid if using homeopathic remedies or if there is a history of epilepsy

FRANKINCENSE

Botanical Name: boswellia carterii

Aromatic Profile: rich, woody, hint of spicy, fruity

Origin: Africa, Ethiopia, India

Perfumery Note: base

Extraction Method: steam distilled

About: Frankincense is also known as olibanum. Similar to the way trees are tapped for the making of maple syrup, the bark of the Boswellia tree is slashed and the resin is allowed to drip out and harden. This is what is known as Frankincense tears. The essential oil is richer, deeper and sweeter in smell than the resin it comes from and has been used in perfumery and to make incense. It is mentioned in the Hebrew Bible as one of the consecrated incenses. It is still used today for spiritual purposes.

USES -

Mind: anxiety, restful and soothing, clarifying, clearing, exhaustion, focusing, grounding, stress

Body: abrasions, antidepressant, antiseptic, asthma, astringent, cirrhosis of liver, diarrhea, diuretic, normal skin, oily skin, rheumatoid arthritis, scars, sedative, skin conditioner, varicose veins, wrinkles

Spirit: blessing, consecration, meditation, purification, 3rd chakra (solar plexus), spirituality

Safety Warnings: Avoid during pregnancy

GALBANUM

Botanical Name: ferula galbaniflua

Aromatic Profile: fresh, clean, green, earthy, woody

Origin: Middle East, Lebanon

Perfumery Note: top

Extraction Method: steam distilled

About: Like Frankincense, Galbanum is mentioned in the Hebrew Bible as one of the consecrated incenses. It is the gum resin of the Persian plant ferula gummosa, a large perennial herb that can grow as tall as six feet and is related to parsley. Galbanum is used in perfumery to give a fresh “green” scent to blends. It is highly used in anti-aging products to tone the skin and smooth wrinkles.

USES -

Mind: energizing, awakens the mind, stimulates the thought process

Body: abscesses, acne, anti-inflammatory, antispasmodic, antiviral, bronchitis, muscle relaxant, scars, skin conditioner, swelling, toning, wounds, wrinkles

Spirit: forgiveness, repentance

Safety Warnings: Avoid during pregnancy as this oil stimulates menstruation

GERANIUM

Botanical Name: pelargonium graveolens

Aromatic Profile: floral, sweet, and fruity

Origin: Egypt, South Africa

Perfumery Note: middle

Extraction Method: steam distilled

About: The essential oil is highly used in the perfume industry because it wears many masks when it comes to smell – rose-like, fruity, and slightly citrusy. The flowers and the leaves of the plant are sometimes used for culinary purposes such as jellies and jams, cakes, and ice cream. Unfortunately, geranium is sometimes used to adulterate rose oil. In aromatherapy, it is very helpful during times of grief.

USES -

Mind: anxiety, creativity, grief, nervous tension, relaxing, self-hypnosis, soothing, stress

Body: acne, Alzheimer's disease, analgesic, antibacterial, antidepressant, antifungal, antiseptic, antispasmodic, antiviral, asthma, astringent, black eyes, blisters, blood disorders, broken capillaries, bruises, cellulite, chapped lips, chapped skin, circulatory stimulant, cold sores, constipation, cramps, diabetes, diarrhea, dry hair, dull skin, endometriosis, female infertility, hair loss, hay fever, herpes, hot flashes, immunity stimulant, laryngitis, lice, lower abdominal pain, menopause, muscular dystrophy, normal hair, normal skin, oily skin, osteoporosis, Parkinson's disease, PMS symptoms, rheumatoid arthritis, sedative, shock, varicose veins

Spirit: happiness, protection, used during times of grief to calm and cheer

Safety Warnings: Avoid if a history of hypoglycemia or estrogen-dependent cancer

GINGER

Botanical Name: zingiber officinale

Aromatic Profile: spicy, woodsy, smoky

Origin: South Africa, East Asia, Caribbean

Perfumery Note: middle/base

Extraction Method: steam distilled

About: Ginger has been used for centuries as a spice and a medicine. It is the rhizome of the plant and related to cardamom. Above the ground, the plant has reed-like stems that grow to a height of around 3 to 4 feet. It is used in a culinary capacity to make ginger ale and gingerbread. Ginger tea helps reduce nausea and motion sickness, as does smelling the essential oil of ginger.

USES -

Mind: energizing, memory boosting, grounding, stimulating

Body: antiseptic, antispasmodic, appetite stimulant, arthritis, bronchitis, bursitis, carminative, chills, circulation, colds, coughs, diarrhea, exhaustion, flatulence, hangovers, indigestion, laryngitis, motion sickness, muscular aches, nausea, normalizes blood pressure, osteoarthritis, osteoporosis, parasiticide, pneumonia, rheumatoid arthritis, sea sickness, sprains, tendinitis, tennis elbow, tonsillitis, travel sickness, vomiting

Spirit: attraction, lust, sex, prosperity, energy

Safety Warnings: Slightly phototoxic

GRAPEFRUIT

Botanical Name: citrus paradisi

Aromatic Profile: sweet, fruity, citrusy, bright

Origin: North America, Barbados

Perfumery Note: top

Extraction Method: cold pressed/expressed

About: When people think about eating grapefruit, they think of the bitter, tart taste it has. Essential oil of grapefruit is much sweeter and blends well with so many other essential oils. This citrus tree is a hybrid that was first bred in Barbados in the 18th century and is a descendent of the sweet orange and the pomelo fruit. Grapefruit is said to shrink capillaries, therefore it is put to good use when included in blends for migraine headaches.

USES -

Mind: concentration, creativity, energizing, inspiring, invigorating, refreshing, reviving, stimulating, stress, inspirational

Body: antibacterial, antidepressant, astringent, cellulite, diuretic, drug withdrawal, exhaustion, hangovers, jet lag, migraines, muscular aches, muscular fatigue, PMS symptoms, toxin buildup, water retention

Spirit: new beginnings, purification

Safety Warnings: Phototoxic, do not use before spending a day in the sun

HELICHRYSUM

Botanical Name: helichrysum italicum

Aromatic Profile: herbaceous, earthy, fresh, green-like scent

Origin: Africa, Madagascar, Australia, New Zealand

Perfumery Note: base

Extraction Method: steam distilled

About: Helichrysum is thought to be the most healing of all the essential oils. Many are surprised to find out that it is in the sunflower family. It is also known as Everlasting or Immortelle oil and has a very long shelf life. Rather expensive oil but an important addition to the aromatherapy medicine cabinet.

USES -

Mind: positive thoughts, relaxing, cheering, unresolved emotional issues

Body: anti-inflammatory, anticoagulant, antispasmodic, abscesses, acne, asthma, boils, burns, cuts, dermatitis, headaches, roseacea, bruising, scarring, back pain, eczema, rheumatoid arthritis, bursitis, circles under eyes, chigger bites, irritated skin, irritated bowels

Spirit: banish negativity

Safety Warnings: No special precautions noted. Always do a small patch test on the skin with any essential oil to see how it interacts with your body.

JASMINE ABSOLUTE

Botanical Name: jasminum grandiflorum

Aromatic Profile: floral, sweet, exotic, rich, strong

Origin: Asia, India, Africa

Perfumery Note: middle

Extraction Method: solvent extracted

About: Jasmine is a plant in the olive family that is well-known for its highly fragrant blossoms. However, the jasmine petals are too delicate to withstand the steam distillation process. In the past, jasmine was obtained through enfleurage, a process in which animal fats are smeared onto glass along with plants (in this case, jasmine petals) to scent the fat. Today, jasmine is usually solvent extracted. This is why jasmine oil is classified as an absolute instead of an essential oil. The oil is extremely strong – a few drops goes a very long way.

USES -

Mind: aphrodisiac, anxiety, hypnotic, nerve restful and soothing, relaxing

Body: antidepressant, anti-inflammatory, antiseptic, antispasmodic, coughs, cramping, depression, dry skin, emollient, labor pains, lethargy, menopause, subtle analgesic, normal skin, oily skin, PMS symptoms, sedative, skin conditioner

Spirit: love, sex, attraction, opening psychic ability, shamanic journeying

Safety Warnings: Avoid overuse during pregnancy. Narcotic-like properties so use in small amounts

JUNIPER BERRY

Botanical Name: juniperus communis

Aromatic Profile: woodsy, earthy, fruity, dry

Origin: Europe, Italy, North America

Perfumery Note: middle

Extraction Method: steam distilled

About: Juniper berries are not actual berries, but rather the female seed cone of the juniper plant. In the culinary world, juniper is used to flavor the liquor known as gin and sometimes as a spice. Juniper has been used since ancient times and is even mentioned in the Bible. Juniper berries have also been found in Egyptian tombs, despite the fact that it was not found in that region. It has been used medicinally all over the globe, including the ancient Greeks and the Native Americans.

USES -

Mind: anxiety, clearing, energizing, exhaustion, memory, refreshing, stress

Body: antifungal, anti-infectious, antiseptic, antispasmodic, arthritis, astringent, bursitis, cellulite, circulatory stimulant, colds, deodorant, detoxifying, disinfectant, diuretic, ear infection, gout, hemorrhoids, influenza, jet lag, muscular aches, nervine, normal skin, oily skin, raises blood pressure, rheumatism, sinusitis, swelling, toning, toxic buildup, varicose veins, water retention

Spirit: purification, exorcism, purging negative thoughts, spirit guides

Safety Warnings: Avoid during pregnancy or a history of high blood pressure. Should be avoided by those with kidney disease.

LAVENDER

Botanical Name: lavandula officinalis

Aromatic Profile: floral, fresh, clean, herbaceous, slightly camphorus

Origin: France, Spain

Perfumery Note: middle

Extraction Method: steam distilled

About: Lavender is probably the most popular and well-known essential oil. It is most often used for relaxation and sleep but is wonderful on burns, bug bites, and stings. Besides its many aromatherapeutic uses, it is used as an ingredient in upscale cooking and can be found in: cakes, breads, cookies, ice cream, and even to flavor sugar and honey. In the beauty industry, lavender is commonly used in soaps, lotions, salves, and creams.

USES -

Mind: aggression, anxiety, balancing, restful and soothing, exhaustion, fatigue, hysteria, nervous tension, relaxing, soothing, stress

Body: abrasions, abscesses, acne, animal bites, antibacterial, antibiotic, antidepressant, antifungal, anti-inflammatory, antiseptic, antispasmodic, antiviral, blisters, boils, bruises, burns, chapped skin, chicken pox, colds, convalescence, coughs, cuts, dandruff, dermatitis, detoxifying, diaper rash, diarrhea, disinfectant, endometriosis, hay fever, headaches, heartburns, hiccups, immunity stimulant, influenza, insect bites, insect repellent, insomnia, itching, labor pains, migraines, muscular aches, neuralgia, normalizes skin, rashes, scabies, sedative, shock, sinusitis, sprains, sunburns, swelling, tendinitis, tonic, toothaches, ulcers, urticaria, windburn, wounds

Spirit: love, happiness, peace, 6th chakra (third eye), and helps to balance all chakras

Safety Warnings: Avoid during first trimester of pregnancy

LEMON

Botanical Name: citrus limonum

Aromatic Profile: fruity, citrus, light, tart

Origin: Asia, South America, North America

Perfumery Note: top

Extraction Method: steam distilled from peel / cold-pressed

About: Genetic studies shows that the lemon is a hybrid of the sour orange and the citron, and was first found in Southern India and China. Grown mainly for its culinary use, it is a main ingredient in the drink industry.

USES -

Mind: anxiety, balancing, restful and soothing, cheering, refreshing, relaxing, stimulates the mind, stress, inspirational

Body: abscesses, acne, antibacterial, antifungal, anti-infectious, antiseptic, antispasmodic, antiviral, arthritis, asthma, astringent, athlete's foot, blisters, boils, circulatory stimulant, cold sores, constipation, corns, coughs, detoxifying, diarrhea, digestive, disinfectant, diuretic, gallstones, gout, headaches, hiccups, hot flashes, mumps, muscular dystrophy, normal hair, normal skin, normalizes blood pressure, oily hair, oily skin, rheumatoid arthritis, sedative, shock, sore throat, tendinitis, thrush, toning, varicose veins, warts

Spirit: 3rd chakra (solar plexis), balances emotions, purification, health

Safety Warnings: Phototoxic – do not use before going out in the sun, may irritate sensitive skin

LEMONGRASS

Botanical Name: cymbopogon citratus

Aromatic Profile: lemony, earthy, fresh, green

Origin: India, Asia, Brazil

Perfumery Note: top

Extraction Method: steam distilled

About: Lemongrass is a tall, perennial grass and is widely used in Asian cuisine. It is used a variety of ways: fresh, dried, chopped, powdered and is well-known as the main ingredient in a popular Thai soup. As far as its herbal properties, lemongrass is a natural deodorant and insect repellent. When used in essential oil blends, lemongrass can quickly take over the blend so it should be used in small quantities if the scent of the other oils will be allowed to come through.

USES -

Mind: cleansing, concentration, exhaustion, invigorating, irritability, mental fatigue, stress

Body: analgesic, anti-inflammatory, antidepressant, antifungal, antiseptic, arthritis, astringent, athlete's foot, bruises, cellulite, circulatory stimulant, excessive perspiration, deodorant, indigestion, insect repellent, jet lag, moth repellent, muscular aches, oily hair, oily skin, raises blood pressure, sedative, scabies, sprains

Spirit: psychic ability, spirituality

Safety Warnings: Avoid during pregnancy or a history of high blood pressure. Somewhat phototoxic. Avoid in cases of glaucoma.

LIME

Botanical Name: citrus aurantifolia

Aromatic Profile: fruity, tangy, zesty, fresh, green

Origin: Mexico, Caribbean, North America

Perfumery Note: top

Extraction Method: steam distilled from peel, cold-pressed / expressed

About: Lime essential oil can bring a cheerful, bright scent to an ordinary essential oil blend. Unlike the other citruses like orange, tangerine, lemon, and grapefruit, it imparts a sweet and tangy quality that makes the mouth water. Lime can be extremely phototoxic and cause blistering if it is used before going out in the sun. Besides being a culinary item, it is known for adding a dry and fruity quality to perfume.

USES -

Mind: anxiety, cheering, concentration, energizing, exhaustion, refreshing, stimulating

Body: antibacterial, antibiotic, antidepressant, antiseptic, asthma, astringent, colds, dandruff, flu, headaches, normal skin, oily skin, rheumatism, varicose veins

Spirit: protection, purification, 4th chakra (heart), cleanses the aura

Safety Warnings: Phototoxic – do not use before going out in the sun. May irritate sensitive skin.

LITSEA

Botanical Name: litsea cubeba

Aromatic Profile: rich, lemony, earthy, sharp, sweet

Origin: China, Malaysia

Perfumery Note: top/middle

Extraction Method: steam distilled

About: Litsea is also known as May Chang and the plant is a member of the laurel family. While it is very lemon-like, in the perfumery world it is sometimes considered a middle note because of its staying power. Litsea has many of the same natural, chemical components of lemon verbena which is why it smells very similar but is much more affordable.

USES -

Mind: restful and soothing, cheering, inspirational, mood balancing

Body: acne, antifungal, allergies, antibacterial, asthma, bronchitis, deodorant, eczema, sedative

Spirit: centers the emotions, calm dreams

Safety Warnings: Avoid if a history of glaucoma. Should not be used on children under 10 years of age. May irritate sensitive skin. Not for use with damaged skin.

MANDARIN

Botanical Name: citrus reticulata

Aromatic Profile: sweet, citrusy, fruit, bright

Origin: Brazil, China, Italy, Spain

Perfumery Note: top

Extraction Method: cold pressed / expressed

About: Mandarin is the sweetest of all the essential oils and has restful and soothing effects. Because of this, and its candy-like scent, it is a good choice for helping children sleep. When eaten, mandarins are most often found in Asian salads. Often interchangeable with tangerine oil, mandarin is often chosen because it contains esters.

USES -

Mind: anxiety, restful and soothing, cheering, depression, nerves, stimulating, stress

Body: acne, antidepressant, antiseptic, astringent, digestive, hiccups, insomnia, muscle cramps, oily skin, scars, stomachaches, stretch marks, wrinkles

Spirit: happiness, joy, luck, 2nd chakra (sacral), creativity

Safety Warnings: Phototoxic, do not use before going out in sun. Dilute before using with children.

MARJORAM

Botanical Name: origanum marjorana

Aromatic Profile: sweet, woodsy, spicy, camphorus, herbaceous, slightly fruity

Origin: Turkey, Spain, Cyprus

Perfumery Note: middle

Extraction Method: steam distilled

About: Marjoram is a perennial herb that is sometimes used in place of oregano. It is one of the ingredients used in the culinary herb mixture called Herbes de Provence, which is often used on meat dishes and grilling. In ancient Greece it was given to newlyweds to insure good fortune upon their household. The essential oil marjoram is primarily used in massage oil blends due to its effectiveness on sore muscles.

USES -

Mind: aggressive behavior, anxiety, restful and soothing, exhaustion, strengthening, tension

Body: analgesic, antidepressant, anti-inflammatory, antiseptic, antispasmodic, arthritis, bronchitis, carminative, carpal tunnel syndrome, colic, coughing, cramps, drug withdrawal, headaches, insomnia, lowers blood pressure, migraines, muscle relaxant, muscular aches, muscular fatigue, neuralgia, osteoarthritis, rheumatism, sprains

Spirit: inner peace, self-control

Safety Warnings: Avoid during pregnancy or a history of low blood pressure. Not for use on children. May lower sex drive.

MELISSA

Botanical Name: melissa officinalis

Aromatic Profile: herbaceous, green, fresh, slightly lemon-like

Origin: France, Europe

Perfumery Note: top/middle

Extraction Method: steam distilled

About: Melissa is another word for the herb known as lemon balm. It is a perennial herb that is especially good for hay fever due to its anti-histamine properties. The herb, brewed into a tea, is also an effective treatment for herpes flare-ups. Lemon balm is often used as a flavoring in herbal teas and ice cream. Melissa oil is usually very expensive because the plant is high in water and low in essential oil.

USES -

Mind: anxiety, restful and soothing, exhaustion , hysteria, nerves, relaxation, stress, inspirational

Body: antibacterial, antifungal, antiviral, bronchitis, chicken pox, coughing, eczema, flatulence, headaches, indigestion, lowers blood pressure, menstrual cramps, nausea, PMS symptoms, sedative

Spirit: money, success, achievement

Safety Warnings: Dilute well before use on skin. While the herb lemon balm is good for allergies, the intensity of the essential oil may have the opposite effect and trigger allergies.

MYRRH

Botanical Name: commiphora myrrha

Aromatic Profile: woodsy, earthy, warm, exotic

Origin: Ethiopia, Yemen, Somalia

Perfumery Note: base

Extraction Method: steam distilled

About: It is said that myrrh was one of the gifts the Wise Men brought to the baby Jesus. It was also used by the ancient Egyptians as one of the ingredients used in the embalming process. Like frankincense, myrrh is a resin extracted from its tree by wounding the bark and comes out in droplets that become very hard when dry.

USES -

Mind: concentration, focus, memory, stimulates higher thinking

Body: acne, amenorrhea, antibacterial, antifungal, anti-inflammatory, antiseptic, antiviral, athlete's foot, blisters, bronchitis, chapped skin, cuts, dermatitis, diarrhea, emollient, gums, halitosis, itching, ringworm, wounds, wrinkles

Spirit: astral projection, blessing, consecration, meditation, protection, psychic power, spirituality, hex removing

Safety Warnings: Avoid during pregnancy

NEROLI

Botanical Name: citrus aurantium

Aromatic Profile: floral, citrusy, sweet, rich, slightly spicy

Origin: Italy, Morocco

Perfumery Note: middle

Extraction Method: steam distilled

About: Neroli oil comes from the blossoms on the bitter orange tree and its flowers are extremely fragrant. It has been used for centuries as an ingredient in perfumery and is the most common scent used in the fragrance industry. The oil is usually very expensive. It is said to be an effective aphrodisiac.

USES -

Mind: aggressive behavior, aphrodisiac, anxiety, restful and soothing, concentration, creativity, exhaustion, exotic, memory loss, nervous tension, relaxing, self-hypnosis, stress

Body: abrasions, acne, antidepressant, antiseptic, antispasmodic, chapped skin, circulatory stimulant, disinfectant, dry skin, frigidity, insomnia, mature skin, migraines, normalizes blood pressure, scars, sedative, stretch marks, wrinkles

Spirit: attraction, confidence, peace, joy, happiness, satisfaction, love

Safety Warnings: Avoid overuse

NUTMEG

Botanical Name: myristica fragrans

Aromatic Profile: spicy, sweet, woodsy, earthy

Origin: Indonesia, Sumatra

Perfumery Note: middle

Extraction Method: steam distilled

About: Nutmeg is a popular culinary spice and is used in a variety of dishes around the world. In Elizabethan times, it was thought to keep away the plague and was always kept on hand. Used in low doses, it has no adverse effects. However, when used in larger quantities, it can cause dehydration, palpitations, and convulsions.

USES -

Mind: irritability, rejuvenating, stress, inspirational

Body: analgesic, antibiotic, antiseptic, antispasmodic, arthritis, boils, bronchitis, circulatory stimulant, drug withdrawal, fatigue, female infertility, insomnia, menopause, muscle relaxant, muscular aches, neuralgia, normalizes blood pressure, oily skin, osteoarthritis, PMS symptoms, sedative, slow digestion, sprains, strains

Spirit: gambling, luck, money, enhances rituals

Safety Warnings: If used in large quantities, nutmeg oil can be toxic

ORANGE, SWEET

Botanical Name: citrus sinensis

Aromatic Profile: sweet, citrusy, fruity, bright

Origin: China, North America, South America, Spain

Perfumery Note: top

Extraction Method: cold pressed/expressed

About: The orange tree is a flowering evergreen tree that reaches about 30 feet in height. Oranges are the most cultivated tree fruit in the world. It is thought that its origins began in the Asian countries. Orange is one of the most affordable of the essential oils because it is abundant and its essential oil yield is high. Orange oil is found in a variety of cleaning products not only for its fresh smell but for its ability to cut grease.

USES -

Mind: anxiety, restful and soothing, cheering, inspiring, invigorating, lifts the spirit, refreshing,

Body: antidepressant, antiseptic, antispasmodic, astringent, cellulite, colds, constipation, diarrhea, drug withdrawal, flatulence, nervine, normal skin, oily skin, sedative, slow digestion, toning, wrinkles

Spirit: divination, happiness, love, luck, 2nd chakra (sacral)

Safety Warnings: avoid use in the sun. May irritate sensitive skin.

PALMAROSA

Botanical Name: cymbopogon martini

Aromatic Profile: sweet, floral, fruit-like, slightly floral.

Origin: Central America, India, Southeast Asia

Perfumery Note: middle

Extraction Method: steam distilled

About: Palmarosa is a grass that is in the same family as lemongrass. However, it does not have the lemon-like scent associated with its close cousin. Palmarosa is used a great deal in the cosmetics industry, mainly in creams and lotions, because it is said to have skin-repairing qualities. It is also sometimes used as a insect repellent when it comes to the storage of dried beans and some grains.

USES -

Mind: aggressive behavior, anxiety, restful and soothing, creativity, exhaustion, relaxing, self-hypnosis, stress

Body: acne, alopecia, bleeding, circulatory stimulant, convalescence, cuts, dermatitis, dry skin, hair loss, insomnia, muscle relaxant, normal skin, oily skin, PMS symptoms, raises blood pressure, shock, soothing, wounds, wrinkles

Spirit: healing energy, love, acceptance

Safety Warnings: Avoid if a history of high blood pressure.

PATCHOULI

Botanical Name: pogostemon cablin

Aromatic Profile: dark, rich, exotic, earthy, woody

Origin: China, Indonesia, India, Malaysia

Perfumery Note: base

Extraction Method: steam distilled

About: Patchouli is a bushy herb in the mint family that grows about two to three feet tall. However, there are many plants in the mint family that smell nothing like mint – patchouli is one of them. Patchouli is a fixative oil, meaning that if it is used in small amounts it can boost the scent of other oils it is blended with. Patchouli oil has the reputation of being a love-it-or-hate-it oil. Patchouli incense was widely used in the 1960’s, which is why it has been given the reputation as the “hippie scent”. It was said to mask the scent of marijuana.

USES -

Mind: aphrodisiac, anxiety, restful and soothing, clearing, concentration, exhaustion, fatigue, stress

Body: acne, antibiotic, antidepressant, antifungal, anti-infectious, anti-inflammatory, antiseptic, astringent, athlete's foot, cellulite, chapped skin, dandruff, deodorant, dermatitis, diuretic, dry skin, fixative, mature skin, normal skin, oily skin, wrinkles

Spirit: attraction, banishes negativity, love, luck, money, peace, prosperity, sex

Safety Warnings: Never take internally

PEPPER, BLACK

Botanical Name: piper nigrum

Aromatic Profile: spicy, woodsy, sharp, clean

Origin: India, Indonesia, Madagascar

Perfumery Note: middle

Extraction Method: steam distilled

About: Pepper is probably the most widely used spice, found in nearly every kitchen around the globe. Few know that the plant is actually a vine. It can grow up to thirteen feet tall and usually attaches itself to poles, branches, and other sturdy objects. The plant is native to southern India but is cultivated and grows well in all tropical regions. When it comes to the essential oil, it is mainly used for aching muscles and to improve circulation. However, it should be well-diluted.

USES -

Mind: concentration, energizing, exhaustion, invigorating, revitalizing, warming

Body: anti-inflammatory, arteriosclerosis, arthritis, carminative, circulatory stimulant, colds, detoxifying, diuretic, expectorant, flu, muscle relaxant, muscular aches, muscle cramps, osteoarthritis, raises blood pressure, rheumatism, rheumatoid arthritis, sprains

Spirit: courage, confrontation, perception

Safety Warnings: Possible skin irritant. Avoid if a history of high blood pressure. Dilute well before use on the skin.

PEPPERMINT

Botanical Name: mentha piperita

Aromatic Profile: fresh, cooling, bright, minty

Origin: Europe, North America

Perfumery Note: top

Extraction Method: steam distilled

About: Peppermint is actually a hybrid in the mint family – a cross between spearmint and watermint. It is used to flavor a variety of foods, beverages, and candies. In aromatherapy, it is especially useful for getting rid of a tension headache by simply smelling, in deep breaths, the essential oil.

USES -

Mind: concentration, cooling, exhaustion, invigorating, refreshing, revitalizing, stimulating

Body: ant repellent, antibiotic, anti-inflammatory, antiseptic, antispasmodic, bronchitis, cellulite, circulatory stimulant, colds, constipation, deodorant, digestive, disinfectant, fainting, febrifuge, flatulence, gingivitis, hay fever, headaches, heartburns, heatstroke, indigestion, jet lag, muscular aches, nausea, neuralgia, raises blood pressure, rheumatoid arthritis, sinusitis, tendinitis, abdominal pain, varicose veins, vomiting, water retention

Spirit: good health, protection, purification, stimulates the mind

Safety Warnings: avoid during pregnancy or a history of high blood pressure. Dilute well if used on skin.

PETITGRAIN

Botanical Name: citrus aurantium

Aromatic Profile: fresh, floral, fruity, slightly woodsy

Origin: Italy, Morocco, South America

Perfumery Note: top

Extraction Method: steam distilled

About: Petitgrain comes from the bitter orange plant. While neroli comes from the blossom of the bitter orange and bitter orange oil comes from the fruit, petitgrain comes from steam distilling the leaves and twigs of the plant. This is why the oil has a trio of scents hidden inside: floral, fruity, and woodsy. It is highly used in the perfume industry.

USES -

Mind: restful and soothing, inspiring, invigorating, refreshing, relaxing, soothing, stress, inspirational

Body: antibacterial, antidepressant, anti-infectious, anti-inflammatory, antiseptic, antispasmodic, aphrodisiac, deodorant, insomnia, scars, shock

Spirit: attraction, protection, stimulates thought

Safety Warnings: Never take internally

PINE

Botanical Name: pinus sylvestris

Aromatic Profile: balsamic, woodsy, earthy, clean

Origin: Europe, North America, Russia

Perfumery Note: middle

Extraction Method: steam distilled

About: Pines are evergreen trees that have a long life – anywhere between a hundred and a thousand years. There are over one hundred types of pine trees and they are found in many areas of the world, mainly in the Northern Hemisphere. The wood is used for timber and to make some types of furniture as well as chips for animal bedding. The pine needles are often used as landscaping groundcover and at least 20 species of the pine create seed large enough to be eaten, also known as pine nuts.

USES -

Mind: exhaustion, refreshing, rejuvenating, revitalizing, stimulating, strengthening, stress

Body: analgesic, antibacterial, antibiotic, antifungal, antiseptic, antiviral, arthritis, asthma, bronchitis, circulatory stimulant, colds, coughs, decongestant, deodorant, detoxifying, disinfectant, diuretic, eczema, expectorant, flu, gout, muscular aches, neuralgia, osteoarthritis, psoriasis, raises blood pressure, rheumatism, sinusitis

Spirit: grounding, healing, protection

Safety Warnings: Avoid if a history of high blood pressure or prostate cancer.

RAVENSARA

Botanical Name: ravensara aromatica

Aromatic Profile: medicinal, slightly licorice-like, sweet, dry

Origin: Australia, Madagascar, Tasmania

Perfumery Note: top

Extraction Method: steam distilled

About: Native to Madagascar, Ravensara are evergreen trees that grow well in tropical and subtropical regions. The essential oil is primarily used for medicinal purposes and is said to keep the flu virus away. It is often used in a room spray during the flu season.

USES -

Mind: restful and soothing, clearing, relaxing, soothing

Body: antibacterial, antibiotic, anti-infectious, antiseptic, antiviral, boils, bronchitis, expectorant, influenza, laryngitis, lung infections, pneumonia, sinusitis

Spirit: calm thoughts, clear thinking, problem solving

Safety Warnings: Never take internally

ROSE

Botanical Name: rosa damascena

Aromatic Profile: floral, sweet

Origin: Bulgaria, France

Perfumery Note: middle

Extraction Method: solvent extracted/steam distilled

About: Like jasmine, rose is often solvent extracted because of its delicate petals – this process creates rose absolute. When the steam distillation process is used, the result is rose otto which is significantly more expensive. Like the flower, rose oil is often associated with love and passion.

USES -

Mind: aphrodisiac, balancing, restful and soothing, cheering, nervous tension, relaxing, stress

Body: acne, Alzheimer's disease, antibacterial, antidepressant, antiseptic, antispasmodic, antiviral, arthritis, astringent, chapped lips, chapped skin, circulatory stimulant, colds, cuts, depression, drug withdrawal, dry skin, eczema, female infertility, frigidity, headaches, insomnia, mature skin, menopause, normal skin, PMS symptoms, raises blood pressure, sedative, shock, wrinkles

Spirit: love, sex, passion

Safety Warnings: Avoid during pregnancy or a history of high blood pressure

ROSEMARY

Botanical Name: rosmarinus officinalis

Aromatic Profile: fresh, herbaceous, clean, hint of sweetness

Origin: France, Spain, Mediterranean

Perfumery Note: middle

Extraction Method: steam distilled

About: Rosemary is a perennial herb with needle like leaves and purple flowers. The essential oil content is high in rosemary, evident when one runs their hand along a stem of leaves. It is widely used in cooking to flavor meats and is an excellent ingredient in hair care products.

USES -

Mind: concentration, fatigue, grief, inspiring, invigorating, memory loss, nervous tension, stimulating

Body: alopecia, analgesic, antidepressant, anti-inflammatory, antiseptic, antispasmodic, antiviral, arthritis, asthma, bronchitis, bruises, circulatory stimulant, colds, constipation, cramps, cystitis, dandruff, decongestant, digestive, disinfectant, dry skin, flu, gout, hair loss, hangovers, headaches, immune system, lice, lower abdominal pain, lumbago, moth repellent, muscular aches, osteoporosis, raises blood pressure, rheumatism, rheumatoid arthritis, sinusitis, sprains, swelling, tendinitis

Spirit: nostalgia, protection, yoga, 4th chakra (heart), sixth chakra

Safety Warnings: Avoid during pregnancy or a history of epilepsy or high blood pressure.

SANDALWOOD

Botanical Name: santalum album

Aromatic Profile: perfume-like, sweet, woodsy, rich

Origin: India, Australia, Tasmania

Perfumery Note: base

Extraction Method: steam distilled

About: Sandalwood has been used for centuries for use in spiritual, religious, and meditation practices and ceremonies. Its fragrance can last for many years in the wood, long after the tree has been cut down. Much used in the perfume industry, it is also used as an aphrodisiac.

USES -

Mind: aphrodisiac, calming, centering, exhaustion, grounding, relaxing, stress

Body: acne, antifungal, anti-inflammatory, antiseptic, antispasmodic, antiviral, astringent, carminative, chapped skin, coughs, cystitis, diarrhea, diuretic, drug withdrawal, dry hair, dry skin, emollient, hair, immunity stimulant, insomnia, normal skin, sedative, skin conditioner, wrinkles

Spirit: anointing, attraction, blessing, consecration, love, meditation, protection, purification, 2nd chakra (sacral), spirituality

Safety Warnings: Never take sandalwood internally.

SPEARMINT

Botanical Name: mentha spicata

Aromatic Profile: minty, sweet, fresh, slightly fruity

Origin: China, Europe, North America

Perfumery Note: top

Extraction Method: steam distilled

About: Spearmint is a species of mint that is native to Asia and Europe. It is known as an invasive plant, sending shoots underground. Besides being used in candies and toothpaste, it is also found in beverages such as mint julep and the mojito. Spearmint is especially good for covering up unwanted smells and is a pleasing scent. Essential oil of spearmint is often used as a replacement for those who find the scent of peppermint too strong.

USES -

Mind: energizing, refreshing, stimulating, inspirational

Body: ant repellent, antiseptic, asthma, deodorant, exhaustion, fever, flatulence, indigestion, morning sickness, moth repellent, mouse repellent, nausea, nervine, soothing agent, stomachaches, vertigo

Spirit: comfort, protection, security

Safety Warnings: Possible mucous membrane irritation

TANGERINE

Botanical Name: citrus reticulata

Aromatic Profile: citrusy, fruity, tangy, sweet, fresh

Origin: China, Morocco, South America, North America

Perfumery Note: top

Extraction Method: cold pressed/expressed

About: Tangerines are a citrus fruit related to the mandarin orange. They are smaller in size than regular oranges and usually much sweeter. The name was derived from Tangiers (Morocco), the port in which it was first exported to parts of Europe. Tangerine has a restful and soothing effect and works well when blended with other oils for the same purpose such as lavender.

USES -

Mind: restful and soothing, cheering, relaxing, soothing, stress, inspirational

Body: antidepressant, antiseptic, antispasmodic, astringent, cellulite, dandruff, insomnia, lymphatic cleanser, muscle relaxant, oily skin, sedative, stretch marks

Spirit: enhances magical work, purification

Safety Warnings: Possibly phototoxic – avoid overuse in the sun

TEA TREE

Botanical Name: melaleuca alternifolia

Aromatic Profile: fresh, medicinal, herbaceous, clean, green

Origin: Australia, China

Perfumery Note: middle

Extraction Method: steam distilled

About: The indigenous people of Australia have known about the healing properties of tea tree for thousands of years. The leaves were often soaked to apply poultices to wounds or were inhaled for respiratory infections. Tea tree has shown to be effective in treating athlete’s foot and other fungus and yeast infections. It is found in many products that treat acne. During World War II, Australian soldiers carried tea tree oil in their first aid kits.

USES -

Mind: cleansing, cooling, energizing, stimulating, inspirational

Body: abrasions, abscesses, acne, antibacterial, antifungal, anti-infectious, anti-inflammatory, antiseptic, antiviral, athlete's foot, blisters, boils, bronchitis, candida, catarrh, cold sores, colds, cuts, ear infections, fevers, flu, herpes, insect bites, jock itch, mumps, pneumonia, ringworm, shock, sinusitis, sunburns, thrush, toothaches, vaginal infections, warts, wounds, yeast infections

Spirit: cleanses negativity, purification

Safety Warnings: Not for internal use.

YLANG YLANG

Botanical Name: cananga odorata

Aromatic Profile: floral, sweet, earthy

Origin: Indonesia, Madagascar

Perfumery Note: middle/base

Extraction Method: steam distilled

About: The tree grows extremely fast and can reach forty feet in height. It has been prized for centuries for its powerful fragrance and its aphrodisiac properties. The people of Indonesia would spread ylang-ylang flowers across the marital bed of a newlywed couple. It is highly used in the perfume industry and is one of the ingredients in Chanel No 5.

USES -

Mind: aggression, aphrodisiac, anxiety, balancing, restful and soothing, cooling, euphoric, relaxing

Body: antidepressant, antiseptic, disinfectant, lowers blood pressure, normal skin, oily skin, sedative, shock

Spirit: love, lust, sex, peace

Safety Warnings: Avoid if a history of low blood pressure


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