Thai Herbal Medicine: Traditional Recipes for Health and Harmony

APPENDIX 2. Bibliography

TTM References

The references listed here are the sources that we mentioned in footnotes and that we consulted most frequently for the information presented in this book.

Anderson, Edward F. (1993). Plants and People of the Golden Triangle: Ethnobotany of the Hill Tribes of Northern Thailand. Portland, OR: Dioscorides Press.

Aroonmanakun, Wirote (2011). Thai Romanization Software (Version 1.5). Retrieved August 30, 2013 from

Brun, Viggo and Trond Schumacher. (1994). The Traditional Herbal Medicine of Northern Thailand. Bangkok: White Lotus.

Chaichakan Sintorn. (1997). Traditional Medicine Hospital Handbook for Course in Thai Medicine. Chiang Mai: Shivagakomarpaj Traditional Medicine Hospital.

Chanthaburinarunat (1970). Pathanukrom Bali Thai Angrit Sansakrit chabap Phrachao Borommawongthoe Krommaphra Chanthaburinarunat [Pāli-Thai-English-Sanskrit Dictionary compiled by His Royal Highness Prince Kitiyakara Krommaphra Chandaburinarunath.] Bangkok: Mahamakutrachawitthayalai.

Department of Agriculture (n.d.). Thabian phan phuet nai prathet Thai [Registry of Plants in Thailand]. Bangkok: Department of Agriculture.

Faculty of Pharmacy at Mahidol University (2008). Sapphaet Thai [Thai Medical Terminology]. Bangkok: Hanghunsuanchamkat saengthiankanpim.

Faculty of Pharmacy at Mahidol University (May 2000). “PHARM Select.” PHARM Database. Retrieved August 30, 2013 from

Jacquat, Christiane. (1990). Plants from the Markets of Thailand. Bangkok: Editions Duang Kamol.

McFarland, George Bradley (1944). Thai-English Dictionary. Stanford: Stanford University Press.

McMakin, Patrick D. (2000). Flowering Plants of Thailand: A Field Guide. Bangkok: White Lotus.

Ministry of Commerce and Communications. (1930). Some Siamese Medicinal Plants Exhibited at the Eighth Congress of Far Eastern Association of Tropical Medicine. Bangkok: Botanical Section, Ministry of Commerce and Communications.

Ministry of Education (2006). “Nomenclature Dictionary.” In Phaetsat songkhro [Guide to Medical Science]. Retrieved from

Mulholland, Jean. (1987). Medicine, Magic, and Evil Spirits. Canberra: The Australian National University.

Mulholland, Jean. (1988). “Ayurveda, Congenital Disease and Birthdays in Thai Traditional Medicine.” Journal of the Siam Society 76: 174–82.

National Identity Board. (1991). Medicinal Plants of Thailand Past and Present. Bangkok: National Identity Board.

Pecharaply, Daroon. (1994). Indigenous Medicinal Plants of Thailand. Bangkok: Department of Medical Sciences, Ministry of Public Health.

Poulsen, Anders. (2007). Childbirth and Tradition in Northeast Thailand. Copenhagen: Nias Press.

Research and Development Institute, Government Pharmaceutical Organization. (nd). <> Last accessed in 2003.

Rhys Davids, T.W. and William Stede (1972). The Pāli Text Society’s Pali-English Dictionary. London: Pali Text Society.

Royal Institute of Thailand (2003). Photchananukrom chabap Ratchabandittayasathan, pho so 2542 [Royal Institute Dictionary, 2542 B.E.]. Bangkok: Nanmi buk phaplikhechan.

Salguero, C. Pierce. (2007). Traditional Thai Medicine: Buddhism, Animism, Ayurveda. Prescott, AZ: Hohm Press.

Saralamp, Promjit et al. (1996–97). Medicinal Plants in Thailand, Vols. 1–2. Bangkok: Department of Pharmaceutical Botany, Mahidol University.

School of Traditional Medicine at Wat Phra Chetuphon (undated reprint of 1909 edition). Wetchasueksa Phaetsatsangkhep, Lem 1–3 [The Study of Medicine, Summary of Medical Science, Vols. 1–3]. Bangkok: Nam akson kanphim.

School of Traditional Medicine at Wat Phra Chetuphon. (1964–1977). Pramuan sapphakhun ya Thai lem 1-3 [A Collection of the Properties of Medicine, Books 1-3]. Bangkok: Mahamakutratchawitthayalai.

Smitinand, Tem (1980). Chue Phanmai Haeng Prathet Thai [Thai Plant Names]. Bangkok: Krom Pamai.

Somchintana, Ratarasarn. (1986). The Principles and Concepts of Thai Classical Medicine. Bangkok: Thai Khadi Research Institute, Thammasat University.

Thai Pharmaceutical Committee. (1995). Thai Herbal Pharmacopoeia. Bangkok: Department of Medical Sciences, Ministry of Public Health.

Thiangburanatham, Wit (1996). Photchananukrom Thai-Angrit [Thai-English Dictionary]. Bangkok: Ruam San.

Thiangburanatham, Wit. (1990). Photchananukrom rok lae samunphrai Thai [Dictionary of Disease and Thai Herbs]. Bangkok: Rongphim Aksonphithaya.

Thiangburanatham, Wit. (1990). Photchananukrom samunphrai Thai [Dictionary of Thai Herbs.] Bangkok: Rongphim Aksonphithaya.

Traditional Medicine Development Foundation. (2001). Food For Health. Nontaburi: Textbook Development Project.

Wutthithammawet, Wut (2009). Khrueang ya Thai [Thai Materia Medica]. Bangkok: Silpa Siam.

Wutthithammawet, Wut. (1995). Saranukrom samunphrai [Encyclopedia of Herbs]. Bangkok: Odian Store.

Wutthithammawet, Wut. (2004). Khamphi phesat rattanakosin [Treatise of Pharmacy of the Current Era]. Bangkok: Wuthikammawet.

Other Herbal Traditions

These references were consulted on a less frequent basis in preparation of the compendium, in order to draw comparisons and make cross-references to other traditions.

Balz, Rodolphe. (1996). The Healing Power of Essential Oils. Twin Lakes, WI: Lotus Press.

Frawley, David. (1989). Ayurvedic Healing: A Comprehensive Guide. Delhi: Motilal Banarisidass Publishers.

Frawley, David. (1993). The Yoga of Herbs. Twin Lakes, WI: Lotus Press.

Grieve, Maud. (1981). A Modern Herbal. Eugene, OR: Mountain Rose Herbs. (This book is available online at

Kaptchuk, Ted J. (1983). The Web That Has No Weaver. Chicago: Congdon & Weed.

Lust, John. (2001). The Herb Book. New York: Benedict Lust Publications.

Miller, Light and Bryan Miller. (1995). Ayurveda and Aromatherapy. Twin Lakes, WI: Lotus Press.

Ranade, Subhash. (1999). Natural Healing Through Ayurveda. Twin Lakes, WI: Lotus Press.

Reid, Daniel. (1995). The Complete Book of Chinese Health and Healing: Guarding the Three Treasures. Boston: Shambhala Publications.

Tierra, Michael. (1998). Chinese Traditional Herbal Medicine Vol. 1: Diagnosis and Treatment. Twin Lakes, WI: Lotus Press.

Tierra, Michael. (1998). The Way of Herbs. New York: Pocket Books.

Thai History

These references were consulted in the writing of Chapter I, and are recommended for further reading on the history of Thai medicine and of Thailand more generally.

Coedes, G. (1983). The Making of Southeast Asia (Translated by H. M. Wright). Berkeley: University of California Press.

Diamond, Jared. (1999). Guns, Germs, and Steel: The Fates of Human Societies. New York: W. W. Norton and Company.

Horner, I.B. (2000). The Book of the Discipline (Vinaya-Pitaka), Vol. IV (Mahavagga). Oxford: Pali Text Society.

Lockard, Craig. (2009). Southeast Asia in World History. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Salguero, C. Pierce. (2007). Traditional Thai Medicine: Buddhism, Animism, Ayurveda. Prescott, AZ: Hohm Press.

Terwiel, B.J. (1991). A Window on Thai History. Bangkok: Duang Kamol.

Wyatt, David. (2003). Thailand: A Short History. New Haven: Yale University Press.