Examination Medicine: A Guide to Physician Training, 7th Edition


ABP ambulatory blood pressure

ABVD adriamycin, bleomycin, vinblastine and dacarbazine

ACE angiotensin-converting enzyme

ACTH adrenocorticotrophic hormone

ADP adenosine diphosphate

AF atrial fibrillation

AFB acid fast bacilli

AHI apnoea hypopnoea index

AICDs automatic implantable cardioverter-defibrillators

AIDS acquired immunodeficiency syndrome

ALL acute lymphocytic leukaemia

ALT alanine aminotransferase

AMA antimitochondrial antibody

AMC Australian Medical Council

ANA antinuclear antibody

ANCA antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody

anti-LKM1 anti-liver and kidney microsomes type 1

AP anteroposterior

APC activated protein C

APD automated peritoneal dialysis

AR blocker/ARB angiotensin II receptor blocker

AR aortic regurgitation

AS aortic stenosis

ASAP Australian Self-Assessment Programme

ASCA anti-Saccharomyces cerevisiae antibodies

ASD atrial septal defect

ASH asymmetrical hypertrophy

ASMA anti-smooth muscle antibody

AST aspartate aminotransferase

ATP antitachycardia pacing

AV atrioventricular

B2-GP-1 beta2-glycoprotein-1

BCG Bacille Calmette-Guerin

b.d. twice a day

BiPAP bilevel positive airways pressure

BMD bone mineral density

BMI body mass index

BMS bare metal stent

BNP B-type natriuretic peptide

BPPV benign paroxysmal positional (positioning) vertigo

CABG coronary artery bypass graft

CAD coronary artery disease

CAPD continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis

CCP citrullinated cyclic peptide

CEA carcinoembryonic antigen

CFE Committee for Examinations

CIDP chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyradiculoneuropathy

CKD chronic kidney disease

CML chronic myeloid leukaemia

CMV cytomegalovirus

CNS central nervous system

COP cryptogenic organising pneumonia

COPD chronic obstructive pulmonary disease

COX-2 cyclo-oxygenase 2

CPAP continuous positive airways pressure

CPT Committee for Physician Training

CREST calcinosis cutis; Raynaud’s phenomenon; (o)esophageal involvement; sclerodactyly; telangiectasia

CRH corticotropin-releasing hormone

CRP C-reactive protein

CRT cardiac resynchronisation therapy

CT computed tomography

CVP cyclophosphamide, vincristine and prednisone

DAF decay-accelerating factors

DC direct current

DES drug-eluting stent

DEXA dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry

DIC disseminated intravascular coagulation

DIP distal interphalangeal

DLCO diffusion capacity for carbon monoxide

DLE discoid lupus erythematosus

DMARDs disease-modifying, antirheumatic drugs

DOT direct observed treatment

DPE Director of Physician Education

DPT Director of Physician Training

dsDNA double-stranded DNA

DVT deep venous thrombosis

EBV Epstein-Barr virus

ECG electrocardiogram

ECOG Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group

EF ejection fraction

EIA enzyme immunoassay

EMG electromyogram

ENA extractable nuclear antigen

EPG electrophoretogram

EPS electrophysiological studies

ES educational supervisor

ESR erythrocyte sedimentation rate

FAP familial adenomatous polyposis

FBC full blood count

FET forced expiratory time

FEV1 forced expiratory volume in one second

FFP fresh frozen plasma

FHH familial hypocalciuric hypercalcaemia

FS fractional shortening

FSH facio-scapulo-humeral

FSH follicle-stimulating hormone

FVC forced vital capacity

G6PD glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase

GGT gamma-glutamyl transferase

GH growth hormone

GI glycaemic index

GM-CSF granulocyte-macrophage colony stimulating factor

GORD gastro-oesophageal reflux disease

GPI glycosylphosphatidylinositol

GTHs general teaching hospitals

GVHD graft versus host disease

HAART highly active antiretroviral therapy

HBV hepatitis B virus

HCC hepatocellular carcinoma

HCV hepatitis C virus

HDL high-density lipoprotein

Hib Haemophilus influenzae type b

HIV human immunodeficiency virus

HLA human leucocyte antigen

HMG-CoA hydroxymethylglutaryl coenzyme A

HMSN hereditary motor and sensory neuropathy

HNPCC hereditary non-polyposis colon cancer

HPL human placental lactogen

HPO hypertrophic pulmonary osteoarthropathy

HSV herpes simplex virus

HUS haemolytic uraemic syndrome

HZV herpes zoster virus

IBD inflammatory bowel disease

ICD implantable cardioverter-defibrillators

IDL intermediate-density lipoprotein

IEPG immunoelectrophoretogram

IGF-I insulin-like growth factor I

ILD interstitial lung disease

INR international normalised ratio

IPF idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis

IPH idiopathic pulmonary hypertension

IPI International Prognostic Index

IRTC Independent Review of Training Committee

IVP intravenous pyelogram

JVP jugular venous pressure

KUB kidneys, ureters, bladder

LA left atrium

LAD left anterior descending

LAHB left anterior hemi-block

LAM lymphangioleiomyomatosis

LBBB left bundle branch block

LCAT lecithin cholesterol acyltransferase

LDH lactate dehydrogenase

LDL low-density lipoprotein

LH luteinising hormone

LIMA left internal mammary artery

LNAT learning needs analysis

LV left ventricle/left ventricular

LVEDD left ventricular end-diastolic dimension

LVH left ventricular hypertrophy

LVOT left ventricular outflow tract

LVPW left ventricular posterior wall

MAC mycobacterium avium complex

MALT mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue

MCP metacarpophalangeal

MCTD mixed connective tissue disease

MCV mean corpuscular volume

MELD model for end-stage liver disease

MEN multiple endocrine neoplasia

MGUS monoclonal gammopathies of uncertain significance

mini-CEX mini-Clinical Evaluation Exercise

MKSAP Medical Knowledge Self-Assessment Program

MR mitral regurgitation

MRI magnetic resonance imaging

MS multiple sclerosis

MSF multi-source feedback

MSI microsatellite instability

MTP metatarsophalangeal

MV mitral valve

MVP mitral valve prolapse

NAFLD non-alcoholic fatty liver disease

NAP neutrophil alkaline phosphatase

NASH non-alcoholic steatohepatitis

NEP National Examination Panel

non-STEMI non-ST elevation myocardial infarction

NSAIDs non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs

NSTEACS non-ST elevation acute coronary syndrome

NYHA New York Heart Association

OAT Open Artery Trial

OTPs overseas-trained physicians

PA plasma aldosterone

PA posteroanterior

PAH pulmonary arterial hypertension

p-ANCA perinuclear antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibodies

PAP pulmonary artery pressure

PBS Pharmaceutical Benefits Scheme

PCH pulmonary capillary haemangiomatosis

PCR polymerase chain reaction

PDA patent ductus arteriosus

PDA professional development advisor

PET positron emission tomography

PIE pulmonary infiltrate and eosinophilia

PIP proximal interphalangeal

PNH paroxysmal nocturnal haemoglobinuria

PPD purified protein derivative

PPI proton pump inhibitor

PRA plasma renin activity

PREP Physician Readiness for Expert Practice

PTH parathyroid hormone

PTLD post-transplant lymphoproliferative disease

PTTK prolonged partial thromboplastin time with kaolin

PUO pyrexia of unknown origin

PVD peripheral vascular disease

PVOD pulmonary veno-occlusive disease

PY1 Postgraduate Year 1

RACP Royal Australasian College of Physicians

RAD right-axis deviation

RBBB right bundle branch block

RDW red cell distribution width

REM rapid eye movement

RLS restless legs syndrome

RIMA right internal mammary artery

RNP ribonucleoprotein

RV right ventricle/right ventricular

SAAG serum-to-ascites albumin gradient

SAC Specialist Advisory Committee

SAM systolic anterior motion

SE supplementary examination

SIAT Significant Incident Analysis Tool

SLE systemic lupus erythematosus

STEMI ST elevation myocardial infarction

SVC superior vena cava

SVGs saphenous vein grafts

SVT supraventricular tachycardia

TB tuberculosis

TIA transient ischaemic attack

TIPS transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt

TNF tumour necrosis factor

TNM tumour node metastases

TOE transoesophageal echocardiography

TPHA treponema pallidum haemoglutination test

TR tricuspid regurgitation

TSH thyroid-stimulating hormone.

TTP thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura

TZDs thiazolidinediones

UKPDS United Kingdom Prognosis in Diabetes Study

UTHs university teaching hospitals

VC vital capacity

VDRL venereal disease research laboratory

VF ventricular fibrillation

VLDL very-low-density lipoprotein

VSD ventricular septal defect

VT ventricular tachycardia

VVI ventricular-ventricular inhibited

WC ward consultant

WCC white cell count

WPW Wolff-Parkinson-White