Catastrophic Neurologic Disorders in the Emergency Department , 2nd Edition

Appendices

Appendix 8.1. Drug Screening Tests (Chromatographic Techniques)

Analgesics

Acetaminophen*

Acetylsalicylate

Chlorzoxazone

Codeine

Dicyclomine

Fenoprofen

Flurbiprofen

Hydrocodone

Ibuprofen

Indomethacin

Ketoprofen

Meperidine

Methaqualone

Morphine

Naproxen*

Pentazocine

Propoxyphene*

Salicylate*

Tramadol

Antidepressants

Amitriptyline*

Bupropion

Clomipramine*

Desipramine*

Doxepin*

Fluoxetine*

Imipramine*

Maprotiline

Nortriptyline*

Sertraline*

Trazodone*

Trimipramine

Venlafaxine*

Stimulants

Amphetamine

Benzoylecgonine

Benztropine

Caffeine

Cocaine

Cyclobenzaprine

Ethyl-benzoylecgonine

Methamphetamine

Phencyclidine

Phentermine

Strychnine

Sympathomimetics

Brompheniramine

Chlorpheniramine

Diphenhydramine*

Doxylamine

Ephedrine

Hydroxyzine

Phenylephrine

Phenylpropanolamine

Phenyltoloxamine

Pseudoephedrine

Antiepileptics

Carbamazepine*

N-Desmethylmethsuximide

Ethosuximide*

Felbamate*

Lamotrigine

Mephobarbital*

Methsuximide*

Phenobarbital*

Phenytoin*

Primidone*

Valproic acid*

Cardioactive Agents

Diltiazem

Lidocaine*

Quinidine*

Verapamil

Tranquilizers

Chlordiazepoxide*

Chlorpromazine

Clozapine

Desalkyl flurazepam

Diazepam*

Flunitrazepam

Flurazepam

Hydroxyethyl flurazepam

Lorazepam

Midazolam

Nordiazepam

Oxazepam

Prochlorperazine

Promethazine

Temazepam

Thioridazine*

Trifluoperazine

Hypoglycemics

Acetohexamide

Chlorpropamide

Tolazamide

Tolbutamide

Sedatives and Hypnotics

Allobarbital

Amobarbital*

Aprobarbital

Barbital

Butabarbital*

Butalbital*

Carisoprodol

Ethchlorvynol

Glutethimide

Meprobamate*

Metharbital

Methyprylon

Pentobarbital*

Secobarbital*

Thiopental

Zolpidem

Other

Dextromethorphan

Gemfibrozil

Methadone

Metoclopramide

Metronidazole

Pentoxifylline

Phenylbutazone

Sulfadiazine

Sulfamethoxazole

Sulfapyridine

Sulfisoxazole

Theophylline*

Ticlopidine

If serum is submitted for analysis, quantitative reports often are issued for the drugs marked by an asterisk, with a therapeutic, toxic, or potentially lethal range referenced on the report. Drugs in italics can be detected only in urine. If serum is submitted for analysis, these drugs will not be detected, even at toxic levels.

Source: Porter WH, Moyer TP: Clinical toxicology. In CA Burtis, ER Ashwood (eds), Tietz Textbook of Clinical Chemistry, 3rd ed. Philadelphia: WB Saunders, 1999, p. 906.