Pediatric Primary Care: Practice Guidelines for Nurses, 2nd Ed.

APPENDIX J

Abbreviations

AAP—American Academy of Pediatrics

ABG—arterial blood gas

ABO—blood types

ABR—auditory brainstem response

AC—air conduction

ACE—angiotensin converting enzyme

AD—atopic dermatitis

ADD—attention deficit disorder

ADH—antidiuretic hormone

ADHD—attention deficit hyperactivity disorder

ADL—activity of daily living

AFP—alpha fetal protein

ANA—antinuclear antibody

AOM—acute otitis media

AOME—acute otitis media with effusion

ASO—antistreptolysin enzyme

AVN—avascular necrosis

BAER—brainstem auditory-evoked response

BC—bone conduction

bid—twice daily

BM—bowel movement

BMI—body mass index

BP—blood pressure

BPM—beats per minute

BUN—blood urea nitrogen

CBC—complete blood count

CBT—cognitive behavioral therapy

CDC—Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

CF—cystic fibrosis

CHF—congestive heart failure

cm—centimeter

CMV—cytomegalovirus

CNS—central nervous system

CP—cerebral palsy

C/S—culture/sensitivity

CSF—cerebrospinal fluid

CT—computed tomography (X-ray exam)

CVA—costal-vertebral angle

CXR—chest X-ray

DDAVP—synthetic vasopressin (posterior pituitary hormone)

DDH—developmental dysplasia of the hip

DRSP—drug-resistant Streptococcus pneumoniae

DTaP—diphtheria-tetanus-acellular pertussis (vaccine)

DTP—diphtheria-tetanus-pertussis (vaccine)

EBV—Epstein-Barr virus

EC—emergency contraception

ECG—electrocardiogram (aka EKG)

ED—emergency department

EDC—estimated date of confinement

EEG—electroencephalogram

EENT—eye, ear, nose, throat

ENS—enteral nutritional support

ENT—ear, nose, throat

EOAE—evoked otoacoustic emissions

ESR—erythrocyte sedimentation rate

ETD—eustachian tube dysfunction

ETOH—alcohol

FEV—forced expiratory volume

g—gram

GABHS—Group A beta-hemolytic streptococcus

GD—gestational diabetes

GER—gastroesophageal reflux

GI—gastrointestinal

GU—genitourinary

h—hour

H. flu—Haemophilus influenzaeb (bacteria)

HAB—hepatitis A virus

HBsAg—hepatitis B surface antigen

HBV—hepatitis B virus

HCG—human chorionic gonadotropin

Hct—hematocrit

HCV—hepatitis C virus

HDL—high-density lipoprotein

HEENT—head, eyes, ear, nose, throat

Hep—hepatitis

Hep B—hepatitis B vaccine

Hgb—hemoglobin

Hib—Haemophilus influenzae b (vaccine)

HIV—human immunodeficiency virus

HPV—human papillomavirus

HR—heart rate

HS—at bedtime

HSV—herpes simplex virus

IBD—inflammatory bowel disease

IBS—irritable bowel syndrome

ICP—intracranial pressure

Ig—immunoglobulin

IgC—immunoglobulin C

IgE—immunoglobulin E

IgM—immunoglobulin M

IM—intramuscular

I&O—intake and output

IPV—inactivated poliovirus vaccine

IV—intravenous

JRA—juvenile rheumatoid arthritis

kcal—kilocalorie

kg—kilogram

KOH—potassium chloride

KUB—kidneys, ureters bladder (X-ray examination)

lbs—pounds

LDLs—low-density lipoproteins

LES—lower esophageal sphincter

LFT(s)—liver function test(s)

LMP—last menstrual period

LOC—level of consciousness

LP—lumbar puncture

LRI—lower respiratory infection

LTB—laryngotracheobronchitis

LTBP—laryngotracheobronchopneumonia

MAO(I)—monoamine oxidase (inhibitor)

MCV—mean corpuscular volume

mg—milligram

min—minute

mL—milliliter

mm—millimeter

MMR—measles-mumps-rubella (vaccine)

MMWR—Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report (www.cdc.gov)

mo(s)—month(s)

MRI—magnetic resonance imaging (X-ray examination)

NCHS—National Center for Health Statistics

NPO—nothing by mouth

NSAID—nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug

N/V—nausea and vomiting

OD—right eye

OFC—occipital frontal circumference

OM—otitis media

O&P—ova and parasites

OS—left eye

OTC—over the counter

OU—both eyes

Pap—Papanicolaou

PCOS—polycystic ovary syndrome

PCV—Prevnar or pneumococcal vaccine

PID—pelvic inflammatory disease

PIH—pregnancy-induced hypertension

PMNs—polymorphonucleotides

PnC—pneumococcal conjugate

PO—by mouth

Postop—postoperative

PPD—purified protein derivative

PPI—proton pump inhibitors

Preop—preoperative

PRN—as required

PS—pyloric stenosis

PT—prothrombin time

PTT—partial thromboplastin time

PUD—peptic ulcer disease

q—every

qd—every day

qh—every hour

q2h—every 2 hours

q3h—every 3hours

q4h—every 4 hours

q6h—every 6 hours

q12h—every 12 hours

qid—four times daily

RAP—recurrent abdominal pain syndrome

RBC—red blood cell

Rh—blood group on surface of erythrocytes

R/O—rule out

ROM—range of motion

RSV—respiratory syncytial virus

SBE—subacute bacterial endocarditis

SD—standard deviation

SGOT—serum glutamic-oxaloacetic transaminase

SGPT—serum glutamic-pyruvic transaminase

SIADH—syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone

SIDS—sudden infant death syndrome

SMR—sexual maturity rating

SSRI—selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor

STI—sexually transmitted infection (aka STD - sexual transmitted disease)

TB—tuberculosis

TBSA—total body surface area

Tbsp—tablespoon

Td—tetanus toxoid

TD—tetanus and diphtheria vaccine

Temp—temperature

TIBC—total iron-binding capacity

tid—three times daily

TM—tympanic membrane

TMJ—temporomandibular joint dysfunction

TMP-SMX—trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole

TSH—thyroid-simulating hormone

tsp—teaspoon

UA—urinalysis

UCG—urine chorionic gonadotropin (pregnancy test)

URI—upper respiratory infection

UTI—urinary tract infection

VBAC—vaginal birth after cesarean

VCUG—voiding cystourethrogram

WBC—white blood count

wk(s)—week(s)

WNL—within normal limits

wt—weight

yr(s)—year(s)

>—greater than

<—less than

≥—greater than or equal to

≤—less than or equal to



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