Clinical Calculations Made Easy: Solving Problems Using Dimensional Analysis, 3rd Edition

Case Study 1. Congestive Heart Failure

A patient is admitted to the hospital with a diagnosis of dyspnea, peripheral edema with a 10-lb weight gain, and a history of congestive heart failure. The orders from the physician include:

·     Bed rest in Fowler's position

·     O2 at 4 L/min per nasal cannula

·     Chest x-ray, complete blood count, electrolyte panel, BUN, serum creatinine levels, and a digoxin level

·     IV of D5W/½ NS at 50 cc/hr

·     Daily AM weight

·     Antiembolism stockings

·     Furosemide 40 mg IV qd

·     Digoxin 0.125 mg PO qd

·     KCl 20 mEq PO tid

·     Low-Na diet

·     Restrict PO fluids to 1500 cc/day

·     Vitals q4h

·     Accurate I/O

Identify the orders that require calculations.

Set up and solve each problem using dimensional analysis.


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