Top 300 Pharmacy Drug Cards

QUINAPRIL: Accupril, Various

Class: ACEI, Antihypertensive

Dosage Forms. Tablet: 5 mg, 10 mg, 20 mg, 40 mg

Image

Common FDA Label Indication, Dosing, and Titration.

1. Heart failure: 5 mg po bid, may titrate to 20-40 mg po bid

2. Hypertension: 10-20 mg po daily, may titrate to 80 mg po daily

Off-Label Uses.

1. Diabetic nephropathy: 20-40 mg po daily

MOA. Quinapril is a competitive ACE inhibitor. It also reduces serum aldosterone, leading to decreased sodium retention, potentiates the vasodilator kallikrein–kinin system, and can alter prostanoid metabolism, inhibit the sympathetic nervous system, and inhibit the tissue renin–angiotensin system.

Drug Characteristics: Quinapril

Image

Medication Safety Issues: Quinapril

Image

Drug Interactions: Quinapril

Image

Adverse Reactions: Quinapril

Image

Efficacy Monitoring Parameters. Decreased BP, signs/symptoms of CHF.

Toxicity Monitoring Parameters. Signs/symptoms of angioedema, severe persistent cough, hypotension; monitor baseline and periodic electrolytes, SCr, BUN, urine protein.

Key Patient Counseling Points. Avoid pregnancy. Avoid sudden discontinuation; rebound hypertension can occur. Use potassium supplements or salt substitutes only under medical supervision. May cause dizziness that may worsen if dehydrated.

Clinical Pearls. Safety and efficacy not established in children. Observe patients who are volume depleted for at least 2 h after taking the initial dose of quinapril. The full effect may not be observed for 2-4 wk.