Books and Reviews
Cerretelli P, Di Prampero PE. Gas exchange in exercise. Fishman AP, Fisher AB. Handbook of Physiology, Section 3: The Respiratory System. American Physiological Society: Bethesda, MD; 1985:297–339. Circulation and Nonrespiratory Functions. vol 1.
Forster RE. Exchange of gases between alveolar air and pulmonary capillary blood: Pulmonary diffusion capacity. Physiol Rev. 1957;37:391–452.
Hlastala MP. Diffusing-capacity heterogeneity. Farhi LE, Tenney SM. Handbook of Physiology, Section 3: The Respiratory System. American Physiological Society: Bethesda, MD; 1985:217–232. Gas Exchange. vol 4.
Maina JN, West JB. Thin and strong! The bioengineering dilemma in the structural and functional design of the blood-gas barrier. Physiol Rev. 2005;85:811–844.
Weibel ER. Morphological basis of alveolar-capillary gas exchange. Physiol Rev. 1973;53:419–495.
Crapo JD, Crapo RO. Comparison of total lung diffusion capacity and the membrane component of diffusion capacity as determined by physiologic and morphometric techniques. Respir Physiol. 1983;51:181–194.
Krogh M. The diffusion of gases through the lungs of man. J Physiol. 1914–1915;49:271–300.
Ogilvie CM, Forster RE, Blakemore WS, Morton JW. A standardized breath-holding technique for the clinical measurement of the diffusing capacity of the lung for carbon monoxide. J Clin Invest. 1957;36:1–17.
Roughton FJW, Forster RE. Relative importance of diffusion and chemical reaction rates in determining rate of exchange of gases in the human lung, with special reference to true diffusing capacity of pulmonary membrane and volume of blood in the lung capillaries. J Appl Physiol. 1957;11:290–302.
Torre-Bueno JR, Wagner PD, Saltzman HA, et al. Diffusion limitation in normal humans during exercise at sea level and simulated altitude. J Appl Physiol. 1985;58:989–995.
Wagner PD, West JB. Effects of diffusion impairment on O2 and CO2 time courses in pulmonary capillaries. J Appl Physiol. 1972;33:62–71.