Physiology 5th Ed.

Appendix I

Common Abbreviations and Symbols

ACE

angiotensin converting enzyme

ACh

acetylcholine

AchE

acetylcholinesterase

ACTH

adrenocorticotropic hormone

ADH

antidiuretic hormone

ADP

adenosine diphosphate

ANP

atrial natriuretic peptide, or atriopeptin

ANS

autonomic nervous system

ATP

adenosine triphosphate

ATPase

adenosine triphosphatase

AV node

atrioventricular node

BMR

basal metabolic rate

BTPS

body temperature, pressure, saturated

BUN

blood urea nitrogen

C

compliance or clearance

cAMP

cyclic adenosine monophosphate

CCK

cholecystokinin

cGMP

cyclic guanosine monophosphate

CN

cranial nerve

CNS

central nervous system

COMT

catechol-O-methyltransferase

COPD

chronic obstructive pulmonary disease

CRH

corticotropin-releasing hormone

CSF

cerebrospinal fluid

DHEA

dehydroepiandrosterone

DIT

diiodotyrosine

DNA

deoxyribonucleic acid

DOC

11-deoxycorticosterone

2,3-DPG

2,3-diphosphoglycerate

DPPC

dipalmitoyl phosphatidylcholine

ECF

extracellular fluid

ECG

electrocardiogram

EPP

end plate potential

EPSP

excitatory postsynaptic potential

ER

endoplasmic reticulum

ERP

effective refractive period

ERV

expiratory reserve volume

FRC

functional residual capacity

FSH

follicle-stimulating hormone

GABA

γ-aminobutyric acid

GDP

guanosine diphosphate

GFR

glomerular filtration rate

GHRH

growth hormone–releasing hormone

Gi

inhibitory G protein

GIP

glucose-dependent insulinotropic peptide

GMP

guanosine monophosphate

GnRH

gonadotropin-releasing hormone

GRP

gastrin-releasing peptide

Gs

stimulatory G protein

GTP

guanosine triphosphate

HCG

human chorionic gonadotropin

HGH

human growth hormone

IC

inspiratory capacity

ICF

intracellular fluid

IGF

insulin-like growth factor

IP3

inositol 1,4,5-triphosphate

IPSP

inhibitory postsynaptic potential

λ

length constant

LH

luteinizing hormone

MAO

monoamine oxidase

MEPP

miniature end plate potential

MIT

monoiodotyrosine

mRNA

messenger ribonucleic acid

MSH

melanocyte-stimulating hormone

NE

norepinephrine

NO

nitric oxide

P

pressure

Pa

mean arterial pressure

PAH

para-aminohippuric acid

PB

barometric pressure

PIF

prolactin-inhibiting factor

PIP2

phosphatidylinositol 4,5-diphosphate

PLC

phospholipase C

PNS

peripheral nervous system

POMC

pro-opiomelanocortin

PTH

parathyroid hormone

PTH-rp

parathyroid hormone-related peptide

PTU

propylthiouracil

Q

blood flow or airflow

σ

reflection coefficient

R

resistance

RBF

renal blood flow

RNA

ribonucleic acid

RPF

renal plasma flow

RRP

relative refractory period

RV

residual volume

SA node

sinoatrial node

SERCA

sarcoplasmic and endoplasmic reticulum Ca2+ ATPase

SIADH

syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone

SNP

supranormal period

SR

sarcoplasmic reticulum

SRIF

somatotropin-release inhibiting factor

STPD

standard temperature, pressure, dry

τ

time constant

T3

triiodothyronine

T4

thyroxine

TBG

thyroxine-binding globulin

TBW

total body water

TLC

total lung capacity

Tm

transport maximum

TPR

total peripheral resistance

TRH

thyrotropin-releasing hormone

TSH

thyroid-stimulating hormone

TV or VT

tidal volume

V

volume

image

urine or gas flow rate

image

alveolar ventilation

VC

vital capacity

VIP

vasoactive inhibitory peptide

VMA

3-methoxy-4-hydroxymandelic acid